Linear gingival erythema. Also known as HIV gingivitis, a fiery red linear discoloration of the gingival margin can be seen in HIV disease, even without significant plaque formation (Fig. 1). Patients complain of spontaneous bleeding or are asymptomatic. Referral to an HIV dental specialist is recommended and usually involves debridement, local care, and systemic antibiotics.
Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis and stomatitis. Rarely encountered in the asymptomatic HIV-infected individual, this form of periodontal disease occurs in up to 50% of AIDS patients (11). Halitosis is a common complaint, along with severe pain and bleeding. On exam, gingival necrosis of the tips of the interdental papillae with formation of ulcers is found (Fig. 2).
Rapid progression can lead to loss of periodontal tissue and also bone with loosening and loss of teeth. Lesions can resemble the rapidly destructive lesions of noma, as are seen
Was this article helpful?
Rosacea and Eczema are two skin conditions that are fairly commonly found throughout the world. Each of them is characterized by different features, and can be both discomfiting as well as result in undesirable appearance features. In a nutshell, theyre problems that many would want to deal with.