Complications And Prognosis

While sarcoidosis frequently pursues an unpredictable clinical course, its prognosis may correlate with specific types of disease onset and patterns of clinical manifestations. For example, acute onset of erythema nodosum with symptomatic bilateral hilar adenopathy usually has a self-limited course, while insidious onset of disease and extrapulmonary lesions are often followed by inexorable progression of pulmonary fibrosis (30). In the head and neck, complications of sarcoidosis include hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction, chronic sinusitis, infection, decreased visual acuity and blindness, hoarseness, upper respiratory obstruction, stridor, cranial nerve palsies, and pituitary dysfunction. The complications of the persistent ocular inflammation are described above, but it should be emphasized that sarcoidosis is a significant cause of blindness in the United States.

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