Apurva Thekdi

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Diego, California, U.S.A.

Introduction 510

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia 510

■ Cerebrovascular Disease 510

■ Neuromuscular Disorders 511

■ Iatrogenic Causes of Dysphagia 512

Esophageal Dysphasia 513

■ Systemic Sclerosis 513

■ Mixed Connective Tissue Disease 513

■ Sjögren's Syndrome 514

■ Diabetes Mellitus 514

■ Crohn's Disease 514

■ Chagas' Disease 515

■ Cutaneous Bullous Diseases 515

References 516

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