The Role and Importance of Policy Competency in the Pursuit of Health

Because there is a powerful connection between health policy and health, anyone professionally involved in the pursuit of health through any of the determinants shown in Figure 1.2 has a vested interest in understanding the health policymaking process—at both state and federal levels. An understanding of this process is important to developing a higher degree of policy competency. Much more is said about policy competency in Chapter 4, and in many ways this book is about enhancing the policy competency of healthcare managers and other health professionals. Suffice it to say in this chapter that policy competency is composed of the dual abilities to analyze the impact of public policies on one's domain of interest or responsibility and to exert influence in the public policymaking process.

The single most important factor in policy competency—including the ability to analyze the impact of public policies or to exert influence in the policymaking process—is to understand the public policymaking process as a decision-making process. Public policies, including health policies, are decisions, albeit decisions made in a particular way by particular people. Thus, understanding policymaking means understanding a particular type of decision making, including its context, participants, and processes.

As will be discussed throughout the book, the decision-making process through which public policies are made includes three tightly interwoven and interdependent phases: formulation, implementation, and modification. The phases do not unfold in neat sequence. Instead, they blend together in a gestalt of actors, actions, and, sometimes, inactions that yield policies. Figure 1.3 illustrates the closely intertwined nature of the relationships among the phases of policymaking.

This figure of the policymaking process emphasizes the continuous interrelationships and flows among the phases of the process. It also illustrates the cyclical character of public policymaking and shows it as an ongoing phenomenon, one without a definitive beginning or ending. In this view of public policymaking, policy formulation (making the decisions that are policies) is inextricably connected to policy implementation (taking actions and making additional decisions, which are themselves policies, necessary to implement policies). Neither phase is complete without the other. Because neither formulation nor implementation achieves perfection or exists in a static world, policy modification is a vitally necessary and complementary third component in the process. Modifications in previously formulated and implemented

Figure 1.3

Policy Formulation And Implementation

Intertwined Relationships Among Policy Formulation, Implementation, and

Modification policies can range across a gamut from minor alterations in implementation to new rules and regulations used in implementation to modest amendments to existing legislation to fundamental policy changes reflected in new public laws. Chapter 3 describes this process in more detail.

Increasingly, policy competency is important to those who wish to be effectively involved in the pursuit of health. Within the context of the political marketplace, where public policymaking occurs, many participants seek to further their objectives by influencing the outcomes of this process and by more accurately predicting the outcomes of the process. Policy competency is an important ingredient for success in this arena.

An adequate degree of policy competency is necessary to understand what might result from the policymaking process that could affect a vital interest and to effectively participate in the policymaking process. Through competent participation, one can exert influence on future health policies and, thus, on the determinants of health and ultimately on health itself. This competency is built on a base of understanding of the public policymaking process, which is modeled and discussed in Chapter 3. First, however, in Chapter 2 a fuller consideration is given to the critical relationship between public policy and the pursuit of health.

Good health is defined as "a state of physical and mental well-being necessary to live a meaningful, pleasant and productive life. Good health is also an integral part of thriving modern societies, a cornerstone of well performing economies, and a shared principle of European democracies," which can

Was this article helpful?

0 -1
Fitness Wellness For You

Fitness Wellness For You

Achieve the Fitness and Wellness for You that you have always wanted by learning the facts so you can take the right steps to maximize your health. Learn How to Achieve Real Fitness and Wellness for a Healthy Body, Mind and Spirit to Improve Your Quality of Life in Today's World. Receive Valuable Information to Discover What Really Matters and What Actually Works in Finding Genuine Wholeness for All Aspects of Your Being.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • august
    What is competence in policy making in healthcare?
    7 years ago
  • Katharina
    What are formulation, modification and implementation phases of?
    7 years ago
  • melba
    What are the importance of policy formulation?
    7 years ago
  • filmon
    How important of the role of manager in healthcare policy?
    6 years ago
  • Tapani
    WHAT IS POLICY COMPENTENCY?
    3 years ago
  • franklin
    What is the healthcare professional’s role in policymaking?
    1 year ago
  • owen
    Do you always need a policy with competency?
    1 year ago
  • Taija
    WHY IS IT IMPORTANT FOR AN NP TO UNDERSTAND HEALTH POLICY?
    1 year ago
  • Elias
    Why should public health practitioners be competent in health policy?
    1 year ago
  • gofreddo
    How mportant is health care policy competency?
    1 year ago
  • INA DAVIS
    Is there any competency for knowing policies and regulation?
    11 months ago
  • Angus
    How do you plan to maintain policy competence as a public health professional?
    10 months ago
  • dafne zetticci
    Why is it important for health proffessionals to have health policy making competence?
    9 months ago
  • Amaranth Chubb-Baggins
    Why importance involvement in pursuit of health?
    8 months ago
  • Harris
    Why policy and political competence is important to nursing?
    7 months ago
  • senay
    Why should practitioners be competent in health care policy?
    5 months ago
  • Selam
    Why competency is important in health professionals?
    5 months ago
  • Girma
    How competency affect health?
    4 months ago
  • anya
    How to maintain competence in health care?
    3 months ago
  • biniam
    What does department of health 2015 say about competence?
    2 months ago
  • natasha
    Why is it important to have NP competencies?
    2 months ago
  • Erno V
    What is hospital policy competency?
    2 months ago
  • camelia
    Why should anyone be interested in public policy?
    28 days ago
  • NOB
    Why is implementing a healthrelated policy in healthcare faclities important?
    9 days ago

Post a comment