Another form of policies is the rules and regulations (the terms are used interchangeably in the policy context) established to guide the implementation of laws. Because such rules are authoritative decisions made in the executive branch of government by the organizations and agencies responsible for implementing laws, they fit the definition of public policies. The rules associated with the implementation of complex laws routinely fill hundreds and sometimes thousands ofpages. Rulemaking, the processes through which executive branch agencies write the rules to guide implementation of laws, is an important activity in policymaking and is discussed in detail in Chapter 4.
Rules, both in proposed form (for review and comment by those who will be affected by them) and in final form are published in the Federal Register (FR) (www.gpoaccess.gov/fr), the official daily publication for proposed and final rules, as well as notices of federal agencies and executive orders and other presidential documents. FR is published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration. Examples ofthe summaries of a proposed rule and a final rule can be seen in The Real World of Health Policy: Summaries of a Proposed Rule and a Final Rule. Rules can be read in their entirety at www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/index.html.
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