List Of Acronyms And Initials

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AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians

AAHSA American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging

AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges

AAP American Academy of Pediatrics

AARP American Association of Retired Persons

ACHE American College of Healthcare Executives

ACP American College of Physicians

ACS American Cancer Society

American College of Surgeons

ADA American Dental Association

Americans with Disabilities Act

ADL activities of daily living

AFDC Aid to Families with Dependent Children

AHA American Heart Association

American Hospital Association

AHCA American Health Care Association

AHERA Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act

AHIP America's Health Insurance Plans

AHRQ Agency for Health Care Research and Quality

AIAMC Alliance of Independent Academic Medical Centers

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AMA American Medical Association

AMC Academic Medical Center

AMWA American Medical Women's Association

ANA American Nurses Association

AoA Administration on Aging

ARV antiretroviral medications

AUPHA Association of University Programs in Health Administration

BBA Balanced Budget Act

BBRA Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Balanced Budget

Refinement Act BIO Biotechnology Industry Organization

BIPA Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and

Protection Act

CAA Clean Air Act

CAH critical access hospital

CARE Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency Act

CBA cost-benefit analysis

CBO Congressional Budget Office

CCD Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities

CCU cardiac care unit

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CEA cost-effectiveness analysis

CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

CFR Code of Federal Regulations

CHAMPUS Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services

CLIA Clinical Laboratory Improvements Act

CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

COBRA Consolidated Budget Reconciliation Act

COGR Council on Governmental Relations

CON certificate of need

COTH Council of Teaching Hospitals and Health Systems

CPS Current Population Survey

CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission

CRS Congressional Research Service

CT computed tomography

CV cardiovascular

CWA Clean Water Act

DEFRA Deficit Reduction Act

DHEW Department of Health, Education and Welfare (now

Department of Health and Human Services)

DHHS Department of Health and Human Services

DI disability insurance

DOJ Department of Justice

DRG diagnosis-related group

DSH disproportionate share

DSHEA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act

EAB Environmental Appeals Board

EMTALA Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

EPCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act

EPL effective patient life

ERISA Employee Retirement Income Security Act

ESA Endangered Species Act

ESRD end-stage renal disease

FAHS Federation of American Hospitals

FDA Food and Drug Administration

FEC Federal Election Commission

FECA Federal Election Campaign Act

FEHBP Federal Employees Health Benefits Program

FFDCA Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

FQPA Food Quality Protection Act

FR Federal Register

FTE full-time equivalent

GAO Government Accountability Office (formerly General

Accounting Office)

GDP gross domestic product

GI gastrointestinal

GME graduate medical education

GPO Government Printing Office

GPRA Government Performance and Results Act

HCFA Health Care Financing Administration (now Centers for

Medicare & Medicaid Services)

HEAL NY Health Care Efficiency and Affordability Law for New Yorkers

HI (Medicare) Health Insurance

HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

HIV human immunodeficiency virus

HMO health maintenance organization

HPNEC Health Professions and Nursing Education Coalition

HSA health systems agency

ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator

ICF intermediate care facility

ICU intensive care unit

IME indirect medical education

IOM Institute of Medicine

IPPS inpatient prospective payment systems

JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations


local emergency planning committee long-term care


















Medicare Advantage (formerly Medicare+Choice) Medicare Advantage prescription drug plan management by objectives Medicare Payment Advisory Commission Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and

Modernization Act Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act magnetic resonance imaging Master Settlement Agreement

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People national ambient air quality standard

National Association of Children's Hospitals

National Academy of Engineering

National Academy of Sciences

National Committee for Quality Assurance

National Conference of State Legislatures

National Environmental Policy Act

Nominal Group Technique

National Health Service Corps

National Institutes of Health

National Medical Association

National Organization for Women national performance review

National Quality Forum

National Research Council non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug product

Older Americans Act Office of Administrative Law Judges Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act Orphan Drug Act

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Office of Management and Budget Oil Pollution Act

Occupational Safety and Health Administration over the counter political action committee Program Assessment Rating Tool pharmacy benefit manager

PDP prescription drug plan

PhRMA Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America

PMA president's management agenda

PPA Pollution Prevention Act

PPBS planning-programming-budgeting system

PPRC Physician Payment Review Commission

PPO preferred provider organization

PPS prospective payment system

PRO peer review organization

ProPAC Prospective Payment Assessment Commission

PSO patient safety organization

PSRO professional standards review organization

QIO quality improvement organization

QMB qualified Medicare beneficiary

RBRVS resource-based relative value scale

RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

RIN regulation identifier number

RN registered nurse

ROE return on equity

SAP Statement of Administration Policy

SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act

SCHIP State Children's Health Insurance Program

SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act

SERC state emergency response commission

SGR sustainable growth rate

SHCC state health coordinating council

SHPDA state health planning and development agency

SLMB specified low-income Medicare beneficiary

SNF skilled nursing facility

SPAP state pharmaceutical assistance program

SSA Social Security Administration

SSI Supplemental Security Income

TANF Temporary Assistance to Needy Families

TEFRA Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act

TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act

UFMS Unified Financial Management System

UMRA Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

UPMC University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

USADA U.S. Anti-Doping Agency

USPHS U.S. Public Health Service

VA Department of Veterans Affairs

VHA Veterans Health Administration

WHO World Health Organization

zero-based budgeting

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Survival Basics

Survival Basics

This is common knowledge that disaster is everywhere. Its in the streets, its inside your campuses, and it can even be found inside your home. The question is not whether we are safe because no one is really THAT secure anymore but whether we can do something to lessen the odds of ever becoming a victim.

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