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Lower Leg (Calf) Length

Definition Total length of the lower leg.

Landmarks In children and adults, measure from the proximal lateral condyle of the tibia to a plane equivalent to the sole of the foot (floor) along the lateral aspect of the leg. In infants, the measurement is made from the lateral upper condyle of the tibia to the lateral malleolus of the ankle (Fig. 8.41).

Instruments Tape-measure or calipers. Position Standing upright.

Alternative The patient may be sitting or lying down.

Remarks In individuals with contractures of the foot, it may be more accurate to use X-ray measurements. When there is discrepancy between the two legs, circumference should also be measured. Normal values are shown in Figs. 8.42-8.44.

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Gestational age (weeks)

Figure 8.42 Lower leg length at birth, both sexes. From Merlob et al. (1984b), by permission.

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Gestational age (weeks)

Figure 8.42 Lower leg length at birth, both sexes. From Merlob et al. (1984b), by permission.

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