Info

From Kuhns and Poznanski (1980) and Lowrey (1986), by permission.

From Kuhns and Poznanski (1980) and Lowrey (1986), by permission.

12-14 yT, U«3-7yr 4-8 mo.Î m 7-9 yr 3-5 yr "

Radius

Radius

Figure 13.4 Appearance of ossification centers in limbs, both sexes. From Lowrey (1986), by permission.

Figure 13.4 Appearance of ossification centers in limbs, both sexes. From Lowrey (1986), by permission.

Figure 13.5 Appearance of ossification centers in hands and feet, both sexes. Note: f.w. = fetal weeks; f.mo. = fetal months; b. = birth; mo. = postnatal months; y. = years. Phal. = phalange; Metac. = metacarpal; Hama. = hamate; Capit. = capitate; M. min. = multangular minor (trapezium); M. maj. = multangular major (trapezoid); Navic. = navicular; Trique. = triquetrum; Luna. = lunate; Pisif. = pisiform; Metat. = metatarsal; Cun. = cuneiform; Calca. = calcaneus. From Lowrey (1986), by permission.

Hand

Primary centers

Hand

Figure 13.5 Appearance of ossification centers in hands and feet, both sexes. Note: f.w. = fetal weeks; f.mo. = fetal months; b. = birth; mo. = postnatal months; y. = years. Phal. = phalange; Metac. = metacarpal; Hama. = hamate; Capit. = capitate; M. min. = multangular minor (trapezium); M. maj. = multangular major (trapezoid); Navic. = navicular; Trique. = triquetrum; Luna. = lunate; Pisif. = pisiform; Metat. = metatarsal; Cun. = cuneiform; Calca. = calcaneus. From Lowrey (1986), by permission.

Hand

Primary centers

Hand

Secondary centers Appear Fuse -5 mo.-2 y. " -5 mo.-2 y.

Secondary centers Appear Fuse

Secondary centers Appear Fuse -5 mo.-2 y. " -5 mo.-2 y.

Secondary centers Appear Fuse

Boys (percentiles) Girls (percentiles)

5th 50th 95th 5th 50th 95th

Wrist Capitate Hamate Distal radius Triquetum Lunate Scaphoid Trapezium Trapezoid Distal ulna Elbow Capitulum Radial head Medical epicondyle Olecranon of ulna Lateral epicondyle Shoulder

Head of humerus Coronoid

Tubercle of humerus Acromion of scapula Acromion of clavicle Hip

Head of femur Greater trochanter Os acetabulum Iliac crest Ischial tuberosity Knee

Distal femur Proximal tibia Proximal fibula Patella

Tibial tubercle Foot

Calcaneus

Talus

Cuboid

Third cuneiform Os calcis, apophysis

Birth

3m

2w

4m

6w

1y1m

6m

2y5m

1y6m

4y1m

3y7m

5y8m

3y6m

5y10m

3y1m

6y3m

5y3m

7y1m

3w

4m

3y

5y3m

4y3m

6y3m

7y9m

9y8m

9y3m

11y3m

37w*

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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