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Figure 8.43 Lower leg length, males, 4 to 16 years. From Roche and Malina (1983), by permission.

Figure 8.44 Lower leg length, females, 4 to 16 years. From Roche and Malina (1983), by permission.

Figure 8.44 Lower leg length, females, 4 to 16 years. From Roche and Malina (1983), by permission.

Chapter 8 Limbs Foot Length

Definition Total length of foot.

Landmarks Usually the foot length is the longest axis of the foot. It is measured from an imaginary vertical line drawn from the posterior prominence of the heel, to the tip of the longest toe, on the plantar aspect of the foot (in some people, the first toe is the longest; in other people, the second toe is the longest) (Fig. 8.45).

Instruments Tape-measure or clear ruler.

Position The length of the foot is easily and most accurately measured by standing the individual on a tape-measure.

Alternative Measurement of the foot may also be taken with the patient in a relaxed sitting position or lying down. The ankle should be perpendicular to the foot. Draw around the foot and take the measurement between the tip of the longest toe and the edge of the prominence of the heel.

Remarks In patients with contractures of the foot, the tape may be worked along the sole to give an estimate of the length. Values for foot length to age 16 years are presented in Figs. 8.46-8.48.

Pitfalls In individuals with club-feet or very high arches, measurements may be distorted or difficult to obtain.

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Gestational age (weeks)

Figure 8.46 Foot length, both sexes, at birth. From Merlob et al. (1984b), by permission.

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Gestational age (weeks)

Figure 8.46 Foot length, both sexes, at birth. From Merlob et al. (1984b), by permission.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Age (years)

Figure 8.47 Foot length, males, birth to 16 years. From Blais et al. (1956), by permission.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Age (years)

Figure 8.47 Foot length, males, birth to 16 years. From Blais et al. (1956), by permission.

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