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Age from birth (years)

Age from birth (years)

Figure 4.13 Recumbent length and standing height, North European females, birth to five years. Adapted from Brandt, 1986 (http:www.watchstum-ipep.de/WTK/WTK.html).

Age in (years)

Figure 4.14 Standing height, North European females, 6 to 19 years. Adapted from Georgi et al., 1996 (http://www.wachstum-ipep.de/WTK/WTK.html).

Age in (years)

Figure 4.14 Standing height, North European females, 6 to 19 years. Adapted from Georgi et al., 1996 (http://www.wachstum-ipep.de/WTK/WTK.html).

Chapter 4 Height and Length Crown-Rump Length

Definition Crown-rump length is the distance from the top of the head to the bottom of the buttock.

Landmarks Measure from the top of the head to the posterior distal part of the thighs with legs extended at right angles at the hips (Fig. 4.15a).

Instruments A recumbent measurement table or tape and table.

Position The patient is lying on the side with the hips flexed to 90 degrees.

Remarks Crown-rump length is a standard measurement to define fetal size (Chapter 15) and can be a useful measurement in the first few years of life. It can give valuable information to define disproportionate growth, especially in patients with reduction defects of the limbs or contractures (Figs. 4.16-4.18).

Figure 4.15 Measuring crown-rump length (a) and sitting height (b-d).

Figure 4.15 Measuring crown-rump length (a) and sitting height (b-d).

(a)
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