FIGURE 7-7 Primary amino acid sequences of human and hagfish insulins. In addition, the amino acid sequences of 70 other vertebrate insulins are known, and the substitutions that occur at each position (indicated as "other") are shown for comparison. The invariant residues are enclosed in boxes. [Reproduced with permission from Steiner, D. F. Bell, G. I., Tager, H. S. and Rubenstein, A. H. (1995). Chemistry and biosynthesis of the islet hormones: Insulin, islet amyloid polypeptide (amylin), glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide. In "Endocrinology" (L. J. DeGroot, M. Besser, H. G. Burger, J. L. Jameson, D. L. Loriaux, J. C. Marshall, W. D. Odell, J. T. Potts, Jr., and A. H. Rubenstein, eds.), 3rd edition, Vol. 2, Chapter 76, pp. 1296-1328. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.]

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