Jh

Endothelial cells

Zona glomerulosa of adrenal

Cortex Zona fasciculata and zona reticularis of adrenal cortex

Zona reticularis of adrenal cortex

Ovarian follicle (corpus luteum)

Corpus luteum, placenta (ovarian follicle)

Seminiferous tubule + other male tissues (e.g., prostate)

Leydig cells (interstitial cells of testis) (adrenal)

All cell membranes

All cells

Many cells

Many cells

Vascular endothelium

All higher plants and some lower plants Widespread plant regulators

Vasoconstriction

Salt retention in kidney

Antistress hormone; carbohydrate metabolism; circulating glucose increased; liver glycogen increased; depresses immune system; antiinflammatory agent

Weak androgen; major secretion of fetal adrenal cortex; can be converted to estrogen; may have other unknown actions

Stimulates catecholamine receptors in CNS

Stimulates intestinal Ca2+ absorption, stimulates a Ca2+ binding protein in a variety of tissues, especially in intestine, and many other responses

Has receptor in chondrocytes

Uterine endometrium development, female tissues Breast development; uterine endometrium development

Conversion product of testosterone which binds to androgen receptor Spermatogenesis/male characteristics

Precursor of prostaglandins/

leukotrienes / lipoxins Required for secretory activity; enzyme regulator Protein phosphorylation

Vasodilation

Stimulates molting Controls molting

Stimulates extension growth and cell division in cambrium and foot Stimulates extension growth Promotes cell division

" This table is composed of most of the known hormones of higher animals and man; in addition, the key insect hormones and plant hormones are listed at the end of the table. The first level presents hormones by structure (amino acid-derived hormones, autoimmune antibodies acting like unregulated hormones, fatty acid-derived hormones, polypeptide hormones, steroid hormones, second messenger substances, insect hormones, and plant hormones). Each of these categories is then subdivided, where appropriate, by organ; finally, the individual hormones in a category are entered alphabetically. ( f ) Indicates an increase; ( J,) indicates a decrease.

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