Calcium-Regulating Hormones: Vitamin D, Parathyroid Hormone, and Calcitonin

1. Introduction 251

A. Background Information 251

B. Calcium and Phosphorus Homeostasis 252

II. Anatomical, Morphological, and Physiological Relationships 253

A. Parathyroid Gland 253

B. Cakitonin-Secreting Cells 254 C Intestine 254

D. Kidnev 255

E. Bone 255

III. Chemistry and Biochemistry 258

A. Parathyroid Hormone 258

B. Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein 259

C Calcitonin 259

D. Vitamin D 259

IV. Biology and Physiological Significance 262

A Parathyroid Hormone 262 B Parathyroid Hormone-Related

Protein 266 C Calcitonin 267

D- Vitamin D and Its Metabolites 267

E. Biology- of Bone Remodeling 272 F Integrated Actions of Parathyroid

Hormone. Calcitonin, and Vitamin D Metabolites 274

V. Clinical Aspects 275

A. Parathyroid Hormone 275

B. Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein 276

C Calcitonin 276

D. Vitamin D 276

E. Osteoporosis 279 References 279


Cure Tennis Elbow Without Surgery

Cure Tennis Elbow Without Surgery

Everything you wanted to know about. How To Cure Tennis Elbow. Are you an athlete who suffers from tennis elbow? Contrary to popular opinion, most people who suffer from tennis elbow do not even play tennis. They get this condition, which is a torn tendon in the elbow, from the strain of using the same motions with the arm, repeatedly. If you have tennis elbow, you understand how the pain can disrupt your day.

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