Hormones of the Adrenal Medulla

I. INTRODUCTION

II. ANATOMICAL, MORPHOLOGICAL, AND PHYSIOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS

A. Introduction

B. Development of the Adrenal Medulla

C. Autonomic Nervous System and the Adrenal Medulla

D. Histology of the Adrenal Medulla

III. CHEMISTRY

IV. HORMONE ACTION AND BIOCHEMISTRY

A. Biochemistry of the Chromaffin Cell of the Adrenal Medulla

B. Regulation of Biosynthesis

C. Content of Neurosecretory Granules and Secretion

D. Catabolism of Catecholamines

V. ACTIONS OF EPINEPHRINE

A. General Effects of Catecholamines

B. Effects of Epinephrine on Glycogenolysis in the Liver

C. Ligand Detection of the Adrenergic Receptor Subclasses

D. Regulation of Adrenergic Receptors

VI. ENKEPHALINS

VII. CLINICAL ASPECTS References

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