The embryology and surgical anatomy of the testis are important features that govern the natural history and pattern of spread of testicular cancer and also define the surgical approaches required for curative treatment of this disease. Knowledge of these aspects of the pathobiology of testicular cancer is critical to avoiding unnecessary surgical complications and to limiting the morbidity of the requisite surgical procedures. The application of these important principles is reviewed in Chapter 9 (in the discussion of the principles of orchiectomy) and in Chapter 10 (in the discussion of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection).
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