How I Healed my Flatulence and Bloating
Cinnamon bark oil and crushed cinnamon bark is used in the treatment of dyspeptic conditions, such as mild spastic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, fullness and flatulence, loss of appetite and diarrhoea. Although controlled studies are unavailable, evidence of antispasmodic and antifoaming activity in animal models and a long tradition of use provide some support for its use in these indications. Cinnamon bark and Chinese cinnamon are approved by the German Commission E for the treatment of loss of appetite and dyspeptic complaints such as mild gastrointestinal spasms, bloating, and flatulence (Blumenthal et al 1998). Helicobacter pylori infection According to a placebo-controlled study of 1 5 volunteers with documented H. pylori infection, an ethanolic extract of cinnamon was ineffective at eradicating the infection when used at a dose of 40 mg twice daily for 4 weeks (Nir et al 2000). Considering this is an extremely low dose, further investigation is required using...
Allergy is possible, although rare and is characterised by tightness in the chest, wheezing and urticaria. Psyllium should not be consumed dry as it may cause oesophageal obstruction. In practice, it is not unusual for people to experience flatulence, bloating and mild abdominal discomfort when they start to use psyllium however, these symptoms can reduce with long-term use.
Evidence that some dietary fibers, such as resistant starches (66-72), arabinoxylan (73,74) and plant gums (75) have prebiotic potential is accumulating, but to date remains limited largely to in vitro and animal studies. These large carbohydrates may have some advantages in the intestinal tract over rapidly fermented oligosaccharides. They minimize rapid gas formation and osmotic effects in the gut, which can lead to intestinal discomfort, flatulence and diarrhea at high doses of NDOs (typically above 15-20 g per day). Additionally, they persist as substrates for saccharolytic fermentation more distally in the colon where carbohydrate limitation is believed to promote toxigenic microbial reactions leading to an increased risk of colorectal cancer (76-79).
Adverse events with PPI's are rare, have similar rates as H2B's, and include headache, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, and flatulence 2 , 78 . There is no difference in the frequency or type of adverse events in elderly patients compared to younger patients in clinical trials 36 . However, there are other metabolic and physiologic concerns with long-term PPI therapy. A main concern with long-term PPI therapy is an increase in gastrin production, which was thought to possibly have dangerous trophic effects on the gastric mucosa 50 . There was an increase in the incidence of micronodular hyperplasia, atrophic gastritis (1 to 25 ), and there was a strong association between ar-gyrophil cell hyperplasia and degree of corpus gastritis
Chamomile is widely used to relieve stomach cramping, dyspepsia and flatulence. The herb's antispasmodic and relaxant effects provide a theoretical basis for its use in these conditions. In an open, multicentre study, 104 patients with gastrointestinal complaints, including gastritis, flatulence and minor spasms of the intestines, were treated for 6 weeks with 5 miyday of an oral chamomile preparation (standardised to contain 50 mg alpha-bisabolol and 150-300 mg apigenin-7-glucoside per 100 g). By self-evaluation, all patients improved with 44.2 becoming symptom free (Stiegelmeyer 1978).
In a 4-week, double-blind placebo-controlled trial, 60 people with IBS were treated with L. plantarum or placebo. The patients recorded their own gastrointestinal function, starting 2 weeks before the study and continuing throughout the study period. Twelve months after the end of the study, all patients were asked to complete a questionnaire. The study showed significant reductions in intestinal flatulence in the treatment group compared with placebo. At the 12-month follow-up, patients in the test group maintained a better overall gastrointestinal function than control patients (Nobaek et al 2000).
The many bacteria that normally inhabit the large intestine, called intestinal flora, break down some of the molecules that escape the actions of human digestive enzymes. For instance, cellulose, a complex carbohydrate in food of plant origin, passes through the alimentary canal almost unchanged, but colon bacteria can break down cellulose and use it as an energy source. These bacteria, in turn, synthesize certain vitamins, such as K, B12, thiamine, and riboflavin, which the intestinal mucosa absorbs. Bacterial actions in the large intestine may produce intestinal gas (flatus). Hirschsprung disease causes extreme, chronic constipation and abdominal distension. The part of the large intestine distal to the distension lacks innervation. As a result, the person does not feel the urge to defecate. The problem begins in the embryo, when an abnormal gene prevents neurons from migrating to this portion of the gastrointestinal tract. Surgery may be used to treat Hirschsprung disease, which...
Clear deficiency signs are difficult to establish because the symptoms may vary enormously. Local signs and symptoms of an imbalance of the intestinal flora (intestinal dysbiosis) include bloating, flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and or constipation and fungal overgrowth (such as Candida).
Many of the cardiovascular trials reported side effects of garlic use, with the most frequently reported being GI symptoms and garlic breath. In addition, rash and prolonged oozing from a razor cut were reported in one of these studies (86). Other commonly described side effects associated with garlic use include GI effects such as abdominal pain, fullness, anorexia, and flatulence.
Patients with small-intestinal disease may present with vague symptoms and signs such as poorly localised dull central (periumbilical) abdominal pain. If there is full-thickness inflammation the peritoneal somatic pain receptors are stimulated and the pain becomes more severe and localised. A patient with an obstructing lesion will classically present with vomiting, colicky abdominal pain (cramps), absolute constipation (i.e., neither flatulence or faeces passed per rectum) and abdominal distension.
Lassa virus infection is a significant cause of paediatric admissions in some areas of West Africa and the clinical features can be more variable and clinically confusing in this age group. The swollen baby syndrome comprising oedema, jaundice, abdominal distension and bleeding is associated with a particularly poor prognosis.
Cinnamon has been traditionally used by ancient healers from many backgrounds for stomach cramps, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, infant colic, common infections and also female reproductive problems such as dysmenorrhoea, menor-rhagia, lactation, and pain in childbirth. It has also been used as an ingredient in topical preparations for pain and inflammation. Cinnamon is often used in combination with other herbs and spices for most of these indications. In TCM it is considered to warm the kidneys and fortify yang, so is used for impotence among other indications.
The sign of pseudocyesis that is common to all cases is that the affected patient is convinced that she is pregnant. Abdominal distension is the most common physical symptom of pseudocyesis (63- 97 of women are found to experience this). The abdomen expands in the same manner as it does during pregnancy, so that the affected woman looks pregnant. This phenomenon is thought to be caused by buildup of gas, fat, feces, or urine. These symptoms often resolve under general anesthesia and the woman's abdomen returns to its normal size.
Safety of use must always be a dominant issue in the development of new food products. Fortunately, it is well established that lactulose, short-chain oligosaccharides, inulin, resistant starch and dietary fiber are not toxic, even in high doses. Non-digestible carbohydrates are consumed as part of the normal daily diet, as they are natural components of most plants (239). Estimates of resulting intakes of fructo-oligosaccharides and inulin are between 1 and 10 g day from normal diets in Europe and the United States of America (239,240). It is likely that intakes of around 8 g day by adults are normal. Thus, any recommended dosages of non-digestible carbohydrates will be additional to the natural basal dose consumed. Recommended effective doses of prebiotic oligosaccharides in adults usually range from 10 to 15 g day. With the shorter chain oligosaccharides, such as fructo- and galacto-oligosaccharides, intakes exceeding 15 g day in adults can lead to flatulence, abdominal discomfort...
For patients receiving bag-valve mask ventilation, the mask should fit over the bridge of the nose and in the cleft of the chin to obtain a good seal. In the intubated patient, ETT placement is confirmed initially by auscultation. Breath sounds are easily transmitted throughout the small pediatric chest therefore, auscultation at both axilla as well as over the stomach is performed to determine ETT placement. Because of high metabolic demand and lower functional residual capacity, 100 oxygen should be initiated in all critically injured and ill pediatric patients. Respiratory rate decreases with age from 40-60 in the neonate and infant to 20 in the child. Tidal volume is 7-10 ml kg for infants and children compared to 15 ml kg for adults. Appropriate rate at which breaths should be delivered and size of anesthesia bag are age dependent. Because of the relatively horizontal position of the ribs and immaturity of the intercostals muscles, pediatric patients are more dependent on...
It is important to utilise a type of fail-safe mechanism to avoid missing the diagnosis of these disorders. Some practitioners refer to consultations that make their 'head spin' in confusion and bewilderment, with patients presenting with a 'shopping list' of problems. It is in these patients that a checklist is useful. Consider the apparently neurotic patient who presents with headache, lethargy, tiredness, constipation, anorexia, indigestion, shortness of breath on exertion, pruritus, flatulence, sore tongue and backache. In such a patient we must consider a diagnosis that links all these symptoms, especially if the physical examination is inconclusive this includes iron deficiency anaemia, depression, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism and drug abuse.
History of the Present Illness Biliary colic (constant right upper quadrant pain, 30-90 minutes after meals, lasting several hours). Radiation to epigastrium, scapula or back nausea, vomiting, anorexia, low-grade fever fatty food intolerance, dark urine, clay colored stools bloating, jaundice, early satiety, flatulence, obesity.
South Indians use it in sambar podi, a spice blend added to legume dishes to enhance their flavor and to prevent flatulence. Jains, a religious group in India, do not eat root vegetables or root spices such as garlic, onion, ginger, or turmeric, for fear of killing living organisms. Therefore, they rely on asafoetida as an alternative flavoring. The Brahmins, who will not eat garlic or onions because they consider them aphrodisiacs, also use asafoetida as a substitute flavoring. Therapeutic Uses and Folklore Romans used asafoetida to aid digestion and as an aphrodisiac. In India and Iran, it is used to treat hysteria and taken as an antispasmodic, anticoagulant, and sedative. Asafoetida is also used to reduce flatulence and to treat nervous disorders. In India, singers take asafoetida before singing because it supposedly mellows their voices and produces a sensation of warmth.
Pseudocyesis is 'phantom pregnancy' that is, the woman develops symptoms and even signs of pregnancy, including abdominal distension, in the absence of a pregnancy. It is, however, now rare in UK practice. Couvade refers to an anala-gous syndrome in the man, who develops these features, as it were, in sympathy with the mother. Again, it is rare.
History of the Present Illness Rate of onset, duration, frequency. Volume of stool output (number of stools per day), watery stools fever. Abdominal cramps, bloating, flatulence, tenesmus (painful urge to defecate), anorexia, nausea, vomiting, bloating myalgias, arthralgias, weight loss.
An uncontrolled study of 553 patients with non-specific digestive disorders (dyspeptic discomforts, functional biliary colic, and severe constipation) experienced a significant reduction of symptoms after 6 weeks of treatment with artichoke extract. Symptoms improved by an average of 70.5 , with strongest effects on vomiting (88.3 ), nausea (82.4 ), abdominal pain (76.2 ), loss of appetite (72.3 ), constipation (71.0 ), flatulence (68.2 ), and fat intolerance (58.8 ). In 85 of patients the global therapeutic efficacy of artichoke extract was judged by the physicians as excellent or good. (Fintelmann 1996).
Historical note The sedative effects of valerian have been recognised for over 2000 years, having been used by Hippocrates and Dioscorides in ancient Greece Over the past 500 years, it was widely used in Europe as a calmative for nervousness or hysteria and also to treat dyspepsia and flatulence. Legend has it that the Pied Piper put valerian in his pockets to attract the rats out of Hannover Valerian was widely used by the Eclectic physicians and listed in the United States Formulary until 1 946.
Therapeutic Uses and Folklore Indians eat nigella to reduce flatulence, treat nervous and stomach disorders, and induce sweating. It is also taken by lactating women to induce milk flow. Today's research shows it has strong antimicrobial activity and good immunological property. Ancient Greeks used it to treat headaches, toothaches, and intestinal parasites. Its melanthin content shows good emulsifying properties. Egyptians drink tea made with ground nigella, fenugreek, and other ingredients to treat diabetes.