T

Taaningichthys spp., 4:442 Tabbigaws. See Port Jackson sharks Tactostoma macropus, 4:422 Tadpole sculpins, 5:181 Taeniura lymma. See Blue-spotted stingrays Tailors. See Bluefishes Taisho sanshoku, 4:299 Takifugu spp. See Fugus Takifugu rubripes. See Fugus Talking catfishes, 4:352 Tambaqui, 4:339 Tampico cichlids, 5:275 Tandan catfishes, 4:352 Tanganyika killifishes. See Tanganyika pearl lampeyes

Tanganyika pearl killifishes. See Tanganyika pearl lampeyes Tanganyika pearl lampeyes, 5:93, 5:95, 5:97,

palette, 4:57, 5:594, 5:397-598 yellow, 5:594, 5:598, 5:400 Tararira. See Trahiras Target perches, 5:225, 5:229, 5:232-233 Tarpons, 4:11, 4:69, 4:243-248, 4:245 Tasmanian mudfishes, 4:391 Tasmanian smelts, 4:391, 4:393 Tasmanian whitebaits, 4:390, 4:393 Tasseled wobbegongs, 4:107, 4:109-110 Taxonomy, 4:9-13 Acanthuroidei, 5:391, 5:396-403 Acipenseriformes, 4:213, 4:217-220 Albuliformes, 4:249, 4:252-253 angelsharks, 4:161, 4:164 anglerfishes, 5:47, 5:53-56 Anguilliformes, 4:11, 4:255, 4:260-268 Atheriniformes, 5:67, 5:73-76 Aulopiformes, 4:431, 4:436-439 Australian lungfishes, 4:197 beardfishes, 5:1, 5:3 Beloniformes, 5:79, 5:83-85 Beryciformes, 5:113, 5:118-121 bichirs, 4:11, 4:209, 4:211 blennies, 5:341, 5:345-348 bowfins, 4:11, 4:229 bullhead sharks, 4:97, 4:101

Callionymoidei, 5:365, 5:369-371 carps, 4:297, 4:308-313 catfishes, 4:12, 4:351, 4:357-366 characins, 4:335, 4:342-349 chimaeras, 4:91, 4:94-95 coelacanths, 4:189-190 Cypriniformes, 4:36, 4:297, 4:307-319,

4:321, 4:325-333 Cyprinodontiformes, 5:89-90, 5:96-102 dogfish sharks, 4:151, 4:155-157 dories, 5:123, 5:126-129 eels, 4:11, 4:255, 4:260-268 electric eels, 4:369, 4:373-376 elephantfishes, 4:11, 4:238 Elopiformes, 4:243, 4:246-247 Esociformes, 4:379, 4:383-386 flatfishes, 5:449-450, 5:455-460, 5:462 Gadiformes, 5:25, 5:32-39 gars, 4:11, 4:221, 4:224-227 Gasterosteiformes, 5:131, 5:139-147 gobies, 5:373, 5:380-388 Gobiesocoidei, 5:355, 5:359-363 Gonorynchiformes, 4:289-290, 4:293-294 ground sharks, 4:11, 4:113, 4:119-128 Gymnotiformes, 4:369, 4:373-376 hagfishes, 4:77, 4:80-81 herrings, 4:67, 4:69, 4:277, 4:281-287 Hexanchiformes, 4:143, 4:146-148 Labroidei, 5:275, 5:284-290, 5:293,

5:301-306 labyrinth fishes, 5:427, 5:431-434 lampreys, 4:83, 4:88-89 Lampridiformes, 4:447-448, 4:452-454 lanternfishes, 4:441, 4:444-445 lungfishes, 4:201, 4:205 mackerel sharks, 4:11, 4:131-132, 4:135-141 minnows, 4:12, 4:297, 4:314-315 morays, 4:255, 4:264-266 mudminnows, 4:379, 4:383-386 mullets, 5:59, 5:62-64 Ophidiiformes, 5:15-16, 5:20-21 Orectolobiformes, 4:105, 4:108-110 Osmeriformes, 4:389-390, 4:395-401 Osteoglossiformes, 4:231, 4:237-240 Percoidei, 5:195, 5:202-208, 5:211, 5:214-216, 5:219, 5:225-232, 5:235, 5:247-253, 5:255, 5:266-268, 5:270-272 Percopsiformes, 5:5, 5:8-12 pikes, 4:379, 4:383-386 ragfishes, 5:351

Rajiformes, 4:11, 4:173-174, 4:182-188 rays, 4:10-11, 4:173-174, 4:182-188 Saccopharyngiformes, 4:271, 4:274-276 salmons, 4:405, 4:410-419 sawsharks, 4:167, 4:170 Scombroidei, 5:405, 5:409-417 Scorpaeniformes, 5:157, 5:161-162,

5:163-164, 5:169-177, 5:179, 5:186-193 Scorpaenoidei, 5:163-164 sharks, 4:10-11 skates, 4:173-174, 4:187 snakeheads, 5:437, 5:442-446 South American knifefishes, 4:369,

4:373-376 southern cod-icefishes, 5:321, 5:325-327 Stephanoberyciformes, 5:105, 5:108-109 Stomiiformes, 4:421, 4:426-429 Stromateoidei, 5:421 Synbranchiformes, 5:151, 5:154-155 Tetraodontiformes, 5:467, 5:474-484

toadfishes, 5:41, 5:44-45 Trachinoidei, 5:331, 5:337-339 whale sharks, 4:11, 4:110 Zoarcoidei, 5:309, 5:315-317 Teeth, 4:7, 4:10, 4:17, 4:337

See also Physical characteristics Teira batfishes. See Longfin spadefishes Teleogramma spp., 5:276 Teleogramma gracile. See Worm cichlids Teleostei, 4:11, 4:25, 4:26, 4:34, 4:37 Telescope fishes, 4:432 Telmatherinidae. See Sulawesi rainbows Temperate basses (Moronidae), 4:49, 4:68,

5:195-199, 5:201, 5:203, 5:206 Temperate basses (Percichthyidae), 5:219-222 Temperature body, 4:37

water, 4:38-39, 4:49-50, 4:53 Tenacigobius spp., 5:374 Tenches, 4:305, 4:312, 4:318-319 Tenualosa thibaudeaui. See Laotian shads Tephrinectes spp., 5:450 Terapon spp., 5:220 Terapon jarbua. See Target perches Terapontidae. See Grunters Terateleotris spp., 5:373 Territoriality, 4:63 cichlids, 5:277 Cyprinodontiformes, 5:92 pygmy sunfishes, 5:197 Tessellated darters, 5:198 Tetra perez. See Bleeding-heart tetras Tetragonuridae. See Brook trouts Tetragonurus spp. See Brook trouts Tetraodontidae. See Pufferfishes Tetraodontiformes, 5:467-485, 5:472, 5:473 behavior, 5:469-470 conservation status, 5:471 distribution, 5:468 evolution, 5:467 feeding ecology, 5:470 habitats, 5:468-469 humans and, 5:471 physical characteristics, 5:467-468 reproduction, 5:470-471 species of, 5:474-484 taxonomy, 5:467 Tetrapleurodon spp., 4:83 Tetrarogidae. See Waspfishes Tetras, 4:12, 4:66, 4:337, 4:338, 4:340,

4:343-344 Thalassoma spp., 5:296 Thalassoma ascensionis, 5:298 Thalassoma bifasciatum. See Blueheads Thalassoma noronhanum. See Noronha wrasses Thalassophryne spp., 5:41, 5:42 Thalassophryninae, 5:41, 5:42 Thaleichthys pacficus. See Eulachons Thelodonti, 4:9

Theragra chalcogramma. See Alaska pollocks Thermoregulation, tunas, 5:406

See also Behavior Thick-lipped gouramies, 5:427 Thornfishes, 5:321, 5:322 Thorny catfishes, 4:352, 4:353 Thorny tinselfishes, 5:125, 5:126, 5:127 Thrattidion noctivagus. See Sanaga pygmy herrings Threadfin breams, 5:255 See also Nemipteridae

Threadfin shads, 4:277 Threadfins, 4:68, 5:255, 5:258-263 Threadfishes. See Slender snipe eels Threatened Fishes Committee of the

Australian Society for Fish Biology, 5:323 Three-phase lifestyle parrotfishes and, 5:296-297 wrasses and, 5:296-297 See also Behavior Threespine sticklebacks, 5:133, 5:138, 5:140, 5:141

Threespot damselfishes, 5:294 Threespot dascyllus, 5:293 Threetooth puffers, 5:467-471, 5:472, 5:483, 5:484

4:135-136 Thunderfishes. See Sailfin sandfishes Thunnus spp. See Tunas Thunnus alalunga. See Albacore Thunnus maccoyii. See Southern bluefin tunas Thunnus obesus. See Bigeye tunas Thunnus thynnus. See Atlantic bluefin tunas Thymallus arcticus arcticus. See Arctic graylings Thyrsites spp., 5:406 Thyrsoidea macrura, 4:255 Tide shifts, 4:60-61 Tidepool fishes, 4:47, 4:60-61, 5:181 Tidepool gunnels, 5:312 Tidepool johnnies. See Tidepool sculpins Tidepool sculpins, 5:180, 5:181, 5:185,

5:188-189 Tiger barbs, 4:303, 4:315-316 Tiger botia. See Clown loaches Tiger catfishes. See Tiger shovelnose catfishes Tiger coral trouts. See Blacksaddled coral groupers

Tiger grunters. See Target perches Tiger loaches, 4:321 Tiger perches. See Target perches Tiger sharks, 4:4, 4:46, 4:114-116, 4:118,

4:121-122 Tiger shovelnose catfishes, 4:355, 4:357,

4:364-365 Tiger snake eels, 4:259, 4:268 Tigerfishes. See Grunters Tiki tikis. See Blueheads Tilapia spp., 5:277 Tilapia zilii, 5:280-281 Tilapia melanopleura, 5:280-281 Tilapiines, 5:277, 5:280-281 Tilefishes, 5:255, 5:256, 5:258-263 Tinca spp., 4:298 Tinca tinca. See Tenches Tincinae, 4:297

Tinselfishes, 5:124, 5:125, 5:127-128 Toadfishes, 5:41-46, 5:43 Tobies, 4:70 Tomcods, 5:26, 5:27

See also Atlantic tomcods Tomeurus spp., 5:93 Tomeurus gracilis, 5:93 Tomicodon spp., 5:355

Tomicodon humeralis. See Sonora clingfishes Tommy cods. See Kelp greenlings Tongaichthys spp., 5:406 Tonguefishes, 5:450-453, 5:454, 5:456-457 Tooth-carps. See Japanese rice fishes Top minnows, 4:30 Tor putitora, 4:298

Torpedinidae, 4:69 Torpedinoidei, 4:11

Torpedo bancrofti. See Lesser electric rays Torpedo nobiliana. See Atlantic torpedos Torpedo rays, 4:20, 4:69 Torrent catfishes, 4:353 Torrentfishes, 4:57, 5:331-333, 5:335, 5:336,

5:337-338 Touch, 4:62

See also Physical characteristics Toxins, 4:15, 4:70, 4:179, 4:265 Toxotes jaculatrix. See Banded archerfishes Toxotidae. See Archerfishes Trachelochismini, 5:355, 5:356 Trachelochismus spp., 5:355 Trachichthyidae. See Roughies Trachinidae. See Weeverfishes Trachinocephalus myops. See Painted lizardfishes Trachinoidei, 5:331-340, 5:336 Trachinus draco. See Greater weevers Trachipteridae, 4:447, 4:448, 4:449 Trachipterus spp., 4:447 Trahiras, 4:339, 4:341, 4:348 Transparent gobies, 5:375 Trematomus bernacchii. See Emerald notothens Trematomus loennbergii, 4:49-50 Trematomus nicolai, 4:49-50 Trevallys, 4:26, 4:48, 4:68, 5:255-263 Triacanthidae. See Triplespines Triacanthodidae. See Spikefishes Triacanthus biaculeatus. See Triplespines Triaenodon obesus. See Whitetip reef sharks Triakidae. See Hound sharks Triakis megalopterus, 4:116 Triakis semifasciata. See Leopard sharks Triathalassothia spp., 5:41 Tribolodon spp., 4:298 Trichiuridae, 5:405

Trichiurus lepturus. See Largehead hairtails Trichiurus nitens. See Largehead hairtails Trichodontidae. See Sandfishes Trichogaster spp., 5:427, 5:428 Trichogaster leeri. See Pearl gouramies Trichomycteridae. See Pencil catfishes Trichonotidae. See Sanddivers Trichonotus setiger. See Spotted sanddivers Trichopsis spp. See Croaking gouramies Tridentiger trigonocephalus. See Japanese gobies Triggerfishes, 4:14, 4:48, 4:50, 4:67, 4:70,

5:467-477, 5:473 Triglidae. See Sea robins Trimmatom nanus, 5:374 Trinectes maculatus. See Hogchokers Triodon macropterus. See Threetooth puffers Triodontidae. See Threetooth puffers Triplespines, 5:467-471, 5:473, 5:483-484 Tripletails, 5:255, 5:258-263 Tripodfishes, 4:49, 4:433, 4:435, 4:436,

4:437-438 Tripterygiidae, 5:341 Trondo mainties, 5:283, 5:288 Tropheus spp., 5:276 Tropheus moorii. See Blunthead cichlids Tropical anglers, 4:64 Tropical gars, 4:223, 4:224, 4:225 Trout cichlids, 5:282, 5:285 Trout cods, 5:221, 5:222 Trout minnows, 4:391 Troutperches, 4:57, 5:5, 5:5-6, 5:7, 5:11-12

Trouts, 4:39, 4:50, 4:405-407, 4:408-409 behavior, 4:62, 4:406-407 coral, 5:255, 5:271-272 distribution, 4:58, 4:405 feeding ecology, 4:68, 4:407 reproduction, 4:32, 4:405, 4:407 species of, 4:410-411, 4:413-414, 4:416-419 True sardines. See European pilchards True soles, 5:453

Trumpeters, 5:235, 5:237-240, 5:242-244 Trumpetfishes, 5:131-133, 5:135 Trygon aiereba. See Freshwater stingrays Tub gurnards, 5:165 Tube blennies, 4:70, 5:341 Tube-eyes, 4:447, 4:448 Tubeshoulders, 4:390, 4:391, 4:392 Tubesnouts, 5:131, 5:132, 5:134, 5:135 Tucunares. See Speckled pavons Tule perches, 5:276 Tumare. See Tiger shovelnose catfishes Tunas, 5:405-407, 5:408, 5:412-415 feeding ecology, 4:68 habitats, 4:49

physical characteristics, 4:4, 4:14, 4:19 thermoregulation, 5:406 Turahbuglossus cuvillieri, 5:449 Turbot fishes, 5:451 Turkeyfishes. See Red lionfishes Tusked silversides. See Pygmy silversides Tusks, 5:26

See also Lotidae Twinspot gobies, 5:373

Two-spot lizardfishes. See Clearfin lizardfishes Two-spotted clingfishes, 5:358, 5:361,

5:362-363 Two-spotted suckers. See Two-spotted clingfishes Twofin flashlightfishes. See Splitfin flashlightfishes Tyler, J. C., 5:405 Tylosurus spp., 5:80 Typhlichthys subterraneus. See Southern cavefishes

Typhlogobius californiensis. See Blind gobies

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