Significance to humans

Fishes of the following families are taken in major or minor commercial food fisheries: Mullidae, Parascorpididae, Enoplosidae, Pentacerotidae, Oplegnathidae, Cheilodactylidae, Chironemidae, and Latridae. Fishes that may be found in subsistence food fisheries include the Mullidae, Toxotidae, Kyphosidae (prized at some localities but avoided at others), Monodactylidae, Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae, Nandidae, larger Cirrhitidae, and Cheilodactylidae. Game fishes include members of the Dichistiidae (their numbers heavily depleted in South Africa), Nandidae, Oplegnathidae, Cheilodactylidae, and the Latridae. Some members of the Chironemidae and Aplodactylidae are not taken generally for food because they apparently taste bad. A number of families are taken for the aquarium trade, either as juveniles or adults. Important species include members of the Toxotidae, Nandidae, Monodactylidae, Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae, and Cirrhitidae. Of minor importance are members of the Mullidae, Kyphosidae, Enoplosidae, and Cheilodactylidae.

Amazon Leaffish

1. Pebbled butterflyfish (Chaetodon multicinctus); 2. Adult emperor angelfish (Pomacanthus imperator); 3. Juvenile emperor angelfish; 4. Hawaiian morwong (Cheilodactylus vittatus); 5. Longnose hawkfish (Oxycirrhites typus); 6. Striped boarfish (Evistias acutirostris). (Illustration by Joseph E. Trumpey)

Nandus NandusEvistias Acutirostris

1. Cortez chub (Kyphosus elegans); 2. Banded archerfish (Toxotes jaculatrix); 3. Amazon leaffish (Monocirrhus polyacanthus); 4. Mono (Mon-odactylus argenteus); 5. Gangetic leaffish (Nandus nandus); 6. Yellow goatfish (Mulloidichthys martinicus). (Illustration by Joesph E. Trumpey)

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