Tilapia Farming Guide

Fish Farming Guide

Get Instant Access


Cuvier, G., and A. Valenciennes. Histoire naturelle des poisons, Vol. 7. Paris/Strasbourg: Levrault, 1831.

Fuller, P. L., L. G. Nico, and J. D. Williams. Nonindigenous Fishes Introduced into Inland Waters of the United States. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 27, 1999.

Kottelat, M., A. J. Whitten, S. N. Kartikasari, and

S. Wirjoatmodjo. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Jakarta: Periplus Editions, 1993.

Vierke, J. Labyrinthfische und verwandte Arten. WuppertalElberfeld, Germany: Engelbert Pfriem Verlag, 1978.


Bleeker, P. "Memoires sur les poissons a pharyngiens labyrinthiformes de l'Inde archipelagique." Natuurk. Verh. Akad. Amsterdam. 19 (1879): 1-56.

-. "Over de platsing in het stelsel van de

Luciocephaloiden." Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 20 (1859): 395-397.

Britz, R. "Ablaichverhalten und Maulbrutpflege bei Luciocephalus pulcher." Aquar. Terr. Ztschr. 47 (1994): 790-795.

-. "Egg Surface Structure and Larval Cement Glands in

Nandid and Badid Fishes (Teleostei, Percomorpha), with Remarks on Phylogeny and Zoogeography." American Museum Novitates 3195 (1997): 1-17.

-. "The Genus Betta—Monophyly and Intrarelationships, with Remarks on the Subfamilies Macropodinae and Luciocephalinae (Teleostei: Osphronemidae)." Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12 (2001): 305-318.

-. "Ontogenetic Features of Luciocephalus (Perciformes,

Anabantoidei) with a Revised Hypothesis of Anabantoid Intrarelationships." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 112 (1994): 491-508.

Britz, R., and J. A. Cambray. "Structure of Egg Surfaces and Attachment Organs in Anabantids." Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 12 (2001): 267-288.

Britz, R., M. Kokoscha, and R. Riehl. "The Anabantoid Genera Ctenops, Luciocephalus, Parasphaerichthys, and Sphaerichthys (Teleostei: Perciformes) as a Monophyletic Group: Evidence from Egg Surface Structure and Reproductive Behavior." Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 42 (1995): 71-79.

Hall, D. D., and R. J. Miller. "A Qualitative Study of Courtship and Reproductive Behavior in the Pearl Gourami, Trichogaster leeri." Behaviour 32 (1991): 70-84.

Jordan, D. S. "A Classification of Fishes Including Families and Genera as far as Known." Stanford Univ. Publ., Univ. Ser, Biol. Sci. 3 (1923): 77-243.

Kratochvil, H. "Beiträge zur Lautbiologie der Anabantoidei— Bau, Funktion und Entwicklung von lauterzeugenden Systemen." Zool. Jb. Physiol. 89 (1985): 203-255.

Lauder, G. V., and K. F. Liem. "The Evolution and

Interrelationships of the Actinopterygian Fishes." Bulletin of the Museum for Comparative Zoology 150 (1983): 95-197.

-. "Prey Capture by Luciocephalus pulcher: Implications for

Models of Jaw Protrusion in Teleost Fishes." Environmental Biology of Fishes 6 (1981): 257-268.

Liem, K. F. "The Comparative Osteology and Phylogeny of the Anabantoidei." Illinois Biological Monograph 30 (1963): 1-149.

Peters, H. M. "On the Mechanism of Air Ventilation in Anabantoids (Pisces: Teleostei)." Zoomorphology 89 (1978): 93-123.

Roberts, T. "Osphronemus exodon, a New Species of Giant Gouramy with Extraordinary Dentition from the Mekong." Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 42 (1994): 67-77.

-. "Systematic Revision of the Southeast Asian

Anabantoid Fish Genus Osphronemus, with Descriptions of Two New Species." Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 2 (1992): 351-360.

Roxas, H. A., and A. F. Umali. "Fresh-Water Fish Farming in the Philippines." Philippine Journal of Science 63 (1937): 433-468.

Sanders, M. "Die fossilen Fische der alttertiären

Süsswasserablagerungen aus Mittel-Sumatra." Verh. Geol.-Mijnbouw. Genootsch. Nderl. Kol. Geol. Ser., D. XI, 1ste St. (1937): 1-144.

Vierke, J. "Beiträge zur Ethologie und Phylogenie der Familie Belontiidae (Anabantoidei, Pisces)." Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 38 (1975): 163-199.

-. "Brutpflegestrategien bei Belontiiden (Pisces,

Anabantoidei)." Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 42 (1991): 299-324.

Weber, H. "Die Sinnesfunktion der freien

Bauchflossenstrahlen der Labyrinthfische (Anabantidae) und ihr Zusammenwirken mit den Augen." Ztschr. Vergl. Physiol. 47 (1963): 77-110.


California Academy of Sciences. 55 Concourse Drive, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94118-4599 USA. Phone: (415) 750-7047. Fax: (415) 750-7148. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <>

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Fisheries. Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Rome, 00100 Italy. Phone: 39 (06) 5705 1. Fax: 39 (06) 5705 3152. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <>

Ralf Britz, PhD

This page intentionally left blank

Class Actinopterygii Order Perciformes Suborder Channoidei Number of families 1

Photo: Snakehead fishes move along the ground using their fins at a fish farm in Singapore. They are popular in parts of Asia for medicinal benefits, are aggressive, and can live out of water for days. (Photo by Jonathan Searle/Reuters New-Media inc./Corbis. Reproduced by permission.)

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Betta Fish

Betta Fish

This is not another general fish hobby ebook you come across often. This ebook has valuable information that comes from years of research by many experience experts around the world who share the same interest you and me have..... Betta Fishes.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment