P

Pachycara spp., 5:310 Pachylebias spp., 5:90 Pacific American sardines. See South

American pilchards Pacific angelsharks, 4:161, 4:162, 4:163, 4:164 Pacific barreleyes. See Barreleyes Pacific foureyed fishes, 5:90, 5:93 Pacific hagfishes, 4:77, 4:78, 4:81 Pacific halibuts, 5:451, 5:454, 5:457,

5:458-459 Pacific herrings, 4:280, 4:281, 4:284 Pacific leopard flounders, 5:449 Pacific salmons. See Chinook salmons Pacific sanddabs, 5:454, 5:457-458 Pacific sleeper sharks, 4:151, 4:152 Pacific spookfishes, 4:93, 4:94, 4:95 Pacific spotted scorpionfishes, 5:164 Pacific sturgeons. See White sturgeons Pacific wolfeels. See Wolf-eels Pacupeba. See Silver dollars Pacus. See Pirapitingas Padded sculpins, 5:181 Paddlefishes, 4:4, 4:11, 4:18, 4:213-216,

4:215, 4:216, 4:220 Padogobius nigricans. See Arno gobies Pagothenia borchgrevinki, 4:50 Painted frogfishes, 5:51 Painted greenlings, 5:181 Painted lizardfishes, 4:435, 4:437, 4:439 Pajama cardinalfishes, 5:264, 5:266-267 Pajama catsharks, 4:116, 4:118, 4:122, 4:126 Palette tangs, 4:57, 5:394, 5:397-398 Palma, R., 5:99

Pampus argenteus. See Silver pomfrets Pandaka pygmaea. See Dwarf pygmy gobies Panfishes. See Sunfishes Pangasiidae. See Shark catfishes Pangasius hypophthalmus. See Iridescent shark-

catfishes Pangio kuhlii. See Coolie loaches Pangio semicincta. See Coolie loaches Pantodon buchholzi. See Freshwater butterflyfishes Pantodontidae. See Butterflyfishes Papyrocranus spp., 4:232 Papyrocranus afer, 4:232 Parabrotulidae, 5:15 Paracallionymus spp., 5:365 Paracanthopterygii. See Codlike fishes Paracanthurus hepatus. See Palette tangs Parachanna spp., 5:437 Parachanna obscura. See African snakeheads Paracheirodon axelrodi. See Cardinal tetras Paracirrhites spp., 5:236, 5:239 Paracirrhites arcatus, 4:42, 5:236 Paracirrhites forsteri, 5:236 Paracirrhites hemistictus, 5:236, 5:238 Paracobitis smithi. See Blind loaches Paracobitis starostini. See Kughitang blind loaches Paracorpididae. See Jutjaws Paradiplogrammus spp., 5:365

Paradiplogrammus bairdi. See Lancer dragonets Paradiplogrammus enneactis. See Mangrove dragonets Paragobiodon spp., 4:42, 4:45 Parakneria spp., 4:290, 4:291 Parakuhlia spp., 5:220

Paralabidochromis chilotes, 5:282, 5:285, 5:286

Paralepididae, 4:432, 4:433

Paralichthodidae, 5:450

Paralichthyidae, 5:450, 5:453

Paralichthys dentatus. See Summer flounders

Paraluteres prionurus. See Mimic filefishes

Parapercis spp., 5:334

Parapercis colias. See Blue cods

Parapercis cylindrica, 5:333

Parapercis snyderi. See Japanese sandperches

Parapercis tetracantha. See Four-spined sandperches Paraplesiops spp., 5:256 Parascorpididae, 5:243 Parascyllidae. See Collared carpet sharks Parasitic catfishes. See Pencil catfishes Parasitism, 4:50, 4:69, 4:83, 4:84, 4:367 Parasphaerichthys spp., 5:427, 5:433 Parataeniophorus spp., 5:106 Paratrachichthys spp., 5:115 Paratriakis spp., 4:113

Paratrygon aiereba. See Freshwater stingrays Paravinciguerria spp., 4:421 Parazenidae, 5:123 Parental care, 4:46, 4:66 See also Reproduction Parenti, Lynne R. on Adrianichthyids, 5:79 on Atheriniformes, 5:67 on Cyprinodontiformes, 5:89 Parexocoetus spp., 5:79-80 Parhomaloptera normani. See Anamia Parin, Nikolay, 4:421 Parin, N. V., 5:417 Parioglossus spp., 5:375 Parophidion spp., 5:22 Parosphromenus spp., 5:427, 5:428 Parosphromenus deissneri, 5:427 Parosphromenus harveyi, 5:429 Parrot chubs. See Stoplight parrotfishes Parrotfishes, 4:17, 4:45, 5:293-298, 5:295, 5:297, 5:298, 5:300, 5:306-307 feeding ecology, 4:17, 4:50, 4:67,

5:295-296, 5:306-307 habitats, 4:48, 5:294, 5:306 physical characteristics, 4:4, 4:7, 4:18,

5:293-294, 5:306 reproduction, 4:45, 4:47, 5:296-298, 5:306-307 Partbelt barbs. See Tiger barbs Parthenogenesis, 4:30, 4:66

See also Reproduction Parupeneus cyclostomus, 5:239 Parvicrepis spp., 5:355 Pataecidae. See Australian prowfishes Pataecus fronto. See Red indianfishes Patagonian catfishes, 4:352 Patagonian toothfishes, 5:323 Patterson, C. on beardfishes, 5:1 on Gonorynchiformes, 4:289 on Osmeriformes, 4:389, 4:390 on Polypteriformes, 4:209 on Salmoniformes, 4:405

on Stephanoberyciformes, 5:105 on Synbranchiformes, 5:151 on Zeiformes, 5:123 Patuki blennies, 5:343 Peacock basses. See Speckled pavons Peacock flounders, 4:4, 5:454, 5:455-456 Peacock soles, 4:48 Pearl gouramies, 5:430, 5:433, 5:434 Pearl perches, 5:255

See also Glaucosomatidae Pearleyes, 4:432

Pebbled butterflyfishes, 4:4, 5:245, 5:247 Pectenocypris balaena, 4:299-300 Pedder galaxias, 4:391 Pegasidae. See Seamoths Pegasus lancifer. See Sculptured seamoths Pelagic fishes, 4:39, 4:47, 4:48, 4:49, 4:62

See also specific fishes Pelagic stingrays, 4:176 Pelates spp., 5:220 Pelates quadrilineatus, 5:220 Pelican eels, 4:4, 4:271, 4:273, 4:274-275 Pelican fishes. See Gulper eels; Pelican eels Pelican gulper fishes. See Pelican eels Pelican gulpers. See Pelican eels Pelsartia spp., 5:220 Pelvicachromis pulcher. See Kribensis Pempheridae, 4:48, 4:68 Pencil catfishes, 4:69, 4:352, 4:353, 4:354 Pentaceros japonicus. See Japanese boarfishes Pentacerotidae, 5:235, 5:237, 5:243-244 Pentanchus profundicolus, 4:114 Peprilus triacanthus, 5:421, 5:422, 5:423, 5:424,

5:425-426 Perca flavescens. See Yellow perches Perca fluviatilis. See European perches Perches, 4:52, 4:57, 4:58, 4:75, 5:195-199, 5:200, 5:201, 5:203, 5:204, 5:207-208 blue banded sea, 5:255 climbing, 5:428, 5:430, 5:431 European, 5:49, 5:198 gurnard, 5:163

pirate, 4:57, 5:5, 5:7, 5:10-11 x splendid, 5:255, 5:256, 5:258-263 tule, 5:276

See also specific types of perches Perchlets, 5:255

See also Anthiinae Perchlike fishes, 4:36, 4:448 Percichthyidae, 5:219-222 Percichthys spp., 5:220 Percicthyidae, 4:68 Percidae. See Perches Perciformes. See Perchlike fishes Percilia spp., Chilean perches Percilidae. See Chilean perches Percina caprodes. See Logperches Percoidei, 5:195-274, 5:200, 5:201, 5:213, 5:223, 5:224, 5:245, 5:246, 5:264, 5:265 behavior, 5:197, 5:212, 5:221, 5:239-240, 5:261

conservation status, 5:199, 5:212, 5:222,

5:243-244, 5:262 distribution, 5:196, 5:211, 5:220, 5:237-238, 5:258-259

Percoidei (continued) feeding ecology, 5:197-198, 5:212, 5:221,

5:240-242, 5:260-261 habitats, 5:196-197, 5:211-212, 5:220-221,

5:238-239, 5:259-260 humans and, 5:199, 5:212, 5:222, 5:244, 5:263

physical characteristics, 5:195-196, 5:211,

5:219-220, 5:235-237, 5:255-258 reproduction, 5:198, 5:212, 5:221-222,

5:242-243, 5:261-262 species of, 5:202-208, 5:214-217,

5:225-233, 5:247-253, 5:266-273 taxonomy, 5:195, 5:211, 5:219, 5:235, 5:255 Percomorpha, 4:12 Percophidae. See Duckbills Percopsidae. See Troutperches Percopsiformes, 5:5-13, 5:7 Percopsis omiscomaycus. See Troutperches Percopsis transmontana. See Sand rollers Percopsoidei, 5:5 Periophthalmus spp., 5:375 Periophthalmus barbarus. See Atlantic mudskippers Perissodus spp., 5:279 Perissodus microlepis, 5:279 Peristediidae. See Armored sea robins Perridodus spp., 4:69 Perulibatrachus spp., 5:42 Peruvian anchoveta. See Anchoveta Peter's elephantnoses. See Elephantnose fishes Petitella georgiae. See False rummynose tetras Petrocephalus soudanensis, 4:233 Petromyzon spp., 4:83 Petromyzon marinus. See Sea lampreys Petromyzonidae, 4:83 Petromyzoniformes. See Lampreys Petromyzonidae, 4:6 Petroscirtes breviceps, 5:345-346 pH levels, 4:37 Phago spp., 4:69

Phallostethidae. See Priapium fishes Phantom glass catfishes. See Glass catfishes Phenablennius spp., 5:342 Pherallodichthys spp., 5:355 Pherallodiscus spp., 5:355 Pherallodus spp., 5:355 Pheromones, 4:62, 4:335 Pholidae. See Gunnels Pholidichthyidae. See Convict blennies Pholis gunnellus. See Atlantic butterfishes Pholis laeta, 5:312

Pholis nebulosa. See Tidepool gunnels Pholis ornata. See Saddleback gunnels Phosichthyidae. See Lightfishes Photoblepharon palpebratus. See Eyelight fishes Photophores, 4:392, 4:422, 4:441 Phoxinus spp., 4:298

Phoxinus phoxinus. See Eurasian minnows Phractocephalus hemioliopterus. See Redtail catfishes Phractolaemidae, 4:57 Phractolaemus spp., 4:289, 4:290, 4:291 Phractolaemus ansorgii. See African mudfishes Phtheirichthys spp., 5:211 Phycidae, 5:25, 5:26, 5:27, 5:28, 5:29 Phycinae, 5:25 Phycis spp., 5:28

Phycodurus eques. See Leafy seadragons Phyllopteryx teaniolatus. See Weedy seadragons

Physical characteristics, 4:3-6, 4:4-7, 4:14-28, 4:25-29, 4:22, 4:22, 4:24-27 Acanthuroidei, 5:391, 5:396-403 Acipenseriformes, 4:213, 4:217-220 Albuliformes, 4:249, 4:252-253 angelsharks, 4:161-162, 4:164 anglerfishes, 5:47, 5:53-56 Anguilliformes, 4:255, 4:260-268 Atheriniformes, 5:68, 5:73-76 Aulopiformes, 4:431-432, 4:436-439 Australian lungfishes, 4:197-198 beardfishes, 5:1, 5:3 Beloniformes, 5:79-80, 5:83-85 Beryciformes, 5:113-114, 5:118-121 bichirs, 4:15, 4:24, 4:209-210, 4:211 blennies, 5:341-342, 5:345-348 bowfins, 4:6, 4:7, 4:14, 4:23, 4:229-230 bullhead sharks, 4:97-98, 4:101-102 Callionymoidei, 5:365-366, 5:369-371 carps, 4:297-298, 4:299, 4:302, 4:308-313 catfishes, 4:4, 4:6, 4:22, 4:24, 4:60, 4:62,

4:351-352, 4:357-366 characins, 4:336, 4:337, 4:342-349 chimaeras, 4:91, 4:94-95 cichlids, 4:62 coelacanths, 4:190-191 Cypriniformes, 4:297-298, 4:302, 4:302,

4:307-319, 4:321, 4:325-333 Cyprinodontiformes, 5:90-91, 5:96-102 dogfish sharks, 4:151, 4:155-157 dories, 5:123-124, 5:126-129 eels, 4:255, 4:260-268 electric eels, 4:369-370, 4:373-376 elephantfishes, 4:231, 4:238 Elopiformes, 4:243, 4:246-247 Esociformes, 4:379-380, 4:383-386 flatfishes, 5:450-452, 5:455-463 Gadiformes, 5:25-26, 5:32-34, 5:36-39 gars, 4:23, 4:221, 4:224-227 Gasterosteiformes, 5:132-133, 5:139-147 gobies, 4:44, 5:374, 5:380-388 Gobiesocoidei, 5:355-356, 5:359-363 Gonorynchiformes, 4:290, 4:293-295 ground sharks, 4:113-114, 4:119-128 Gymnotiformes, 4:369-370, 4:373-376 hagfishes, 4:4, 4:6, 4:25, 4:77, 4:78, 4:80-81 herrings, 4:277, 4:278, 4:281-287 Hexanchiformes, 4:143-144, 4:146-148 Labroidei, 5:276, 5:284-290, 5:293-294,

5:301-306 labyrinth fishes, 5:427, 5:431-434 lampreys, 4:6, 4:23, 4:83, 4:84, 4:88-89 Lampridiformes, 4:449, 4:452-454 lanternfishes, 4:441-442, 4:444-446 lungfishes, 4:28, 4:201-202, 4:205 mackerel sharks, 4:132, 4:135-141 marine fishes, 4:44-45 minnows, 4:4, 4:62, 4:297-298, 4:314-315 morays, 4:44, 4:255, 4:264-266 mudminnows, 4:379-380, 4:383-386 mullets, 5:59, 5:62-65 Ophidiiformes, 5:16, 5:20-22 Orectolobiformes, 4:105, 4:108-110 Osmeriformes, 4:390, 4:395-401 Osteoglossiformes, 4:231-232, 4:237-240 paddlefishes, 4:7, 4:18 Percoidei, 5:195-196, 5:202-208, 5:211, 5:214-217, 5:219-220, 5:225-233, 5:235-237, 5:247-253, 5:255-258, 5:266-268, 5:270-272

Percopsiformes, 5:5, 5:8-12 pikes, 4:379-380, 4:383-386 ragfishes, 5:351-352 Rajiformes, 4:27, 4:274-176, 4:275,

4:182-188 rays, 4:60, 4:274-176, 4:275, 4:182-188 Saccopharyngiformes, 4:271, 4:274-276 salmons, 4:60, 4:405, 4:410-419 sawsharks, 4:167-168, 4:170 Scombroidei, 5:405-406, 5:409-418 Scorpaeniformes, 5:157-158, 5:161-162,

5:164, 5:169-178, 5:180, 5:186-193 Scorpaenoidei, 5:164 seahorses, 4:14, 4:26 sharks, 4:18, 4:60

skates, 4:60, 4:274-176, 4:275, 4:187 snakeheads, 5:437, 5:438, 5:442-446 South American knifefishes, 4:369-370,

4:373-376 southern cod-icefishes, 5:321-322,

5:325-328 Stephanoberyciformes, 5:105-106,

5:108-110 stingrays, 4:174-176, 4:190 Stomiiformes, 4:421-422, 4:426-429 Stromateoidei, 5:421-422 sturgeons, 4:18, 4:213, 4:217-220 Synbranchiformes, 5:151, 5:154-156 Tetraodontiformes, 5:467-468, 5:474-484 toadfishes, 5:41, 5:44-45 Trachinoidei, 5:332-333, 5:337-339 tunas, 4:4, 4:14, 4:19 whale sharks, 4:3, 4:14, 4:44, 4:110 wrasses, 4:4, 4:27, 4:26 Zoarcoidei, 5:310, 5:315-317 Physiculus helenaensis, 5:29 Piaractus brachypomus. See Pirapitingas Picassofishes. See Blackbar triggerfishes Pickerels. See Walleyes Pietsch, T. W. on anglerfishes, 5:47 on frogfishes, 5:49 on Trachinoidei, 5:331 Pigfishes, 5:163, 5:164, 5:166

See also Grunt sculpins Pignosed arrowtooth eels, 4:260, 4:266,

4:268-269 Pike glassfishes. See Mackerel icefishes Piked dogfishes, 4:15, 4:22, 4:35, 4:124,

4:252-255, 4:157-158 Pikeheads, 4:57, 5:430, 5:432, 5:433 Pikeperches. See Walleyes Pikes, 4:5, 4:14, 4:50, 4:58, 4:68, 4:379-387, 4:382, 5:198 See also African pikes Pilchards, 4:277, 4:279, 4:280, 4:285-286 Pilotfishes, 5:256-257, 5:260 Pimelodidae, 4:352 Pimelodus filamentosus. See Lau-lau Pimephales spp., 4:35

Pimephales promelas. See Fathead minnows Pine sculpins. See Pineconefishes Pineapplefishes, 5:113-116, 5:226 Pineconefishes, 5:113-116, 5:227, 5:220, 5:121 Pingalla spp., 5:220 Pinguipedidae. See Sandperches Pinheads. See Northern anchovies Pink boarfishes. See Red boarfishes Pink salmons, 4:406, 4:409, 4:422-412 Pinnate batfishes, 5:393

5:132, 5:134-136 Piranhas, 4:69, 4:555, 4:556, 4:337, 4:341 Pirapitingas, 4:541, 4:545, 4:346 Pirarara. See Redtail catfishes Pirarucu. See Arapaima Pirate perches, 4:57, 5:5, 5:7, 5:10-11 Piratinga. See Lau-lau Pisces, 4:6-7 Piscivores, 4:50

Pit-headed poachers. See Rockheads Pithead poachers. See Rockheads Pitted poachers. See Rockheads Pituriaspida spp., 4:9 Placodermi, 4:10

Plaice, 5:165, 5:452, 5:454, 5:459-460 Plainfin midshipmen, 5:45, 5:44-45 Planktivore fishes, 4:67 Plante, Rafael, 4:193 Platax pinnatus. See Pinnate batfishes Platax teira. See Longfin spadefishes Plated catfishes, 4:352 Platycephalidae. See Flatheads Platycephaloidei. See Flatheads Platycephalus spp., 5:157 Platycephalus indicus. See Indian flatheads Platycephalus janeti, 5:157 Platyrhinidae, 4:11

Platystacus chaca. See Squarehead catfishes Platytroctidae. See Tubeshoulders Plecodus spp., 4:69 Plecoglossinae, 4:390, 4:391 Plecoglossus altivelis. See Ayu Plecostomus spp., 4:6 Plectropomus spp., 5:262 Plectropomus laevis. See Blacksaddled coral groupers Plesiobatidae, 4:176 Plesiopidae, 5:255, 5:256, 5:258-263 Pleuragramma antarcticum, 5:322, 5:323 Pleuronectes platessa. See Plaice Pleuronectidae, 5:450, 5:453 Pleuronectiformes. See Flatfishes Pleuronectoidei, 5:449, 5:450 Pliny the Elder, 4:73 Pliotrema warreni. See Sixgill sawsharks Plotosidae, 4:352

Plotosus lineatus. See Coral catfishes Plunderfishes, 5:321, 5:322 Poachers, 5:179, 5:180, 5:182, 5:183 Poblana alchichica, 5:70 Poblana letholepis, 5:70 Poblana squamata, 5:70 Pocillopora eydouxi, 4:42 Poecilia formosa, 5:93

Poeciliidae, 4:12, 4:15, 4:32, 5:89-90, 5:92 Poeciliinae, 5:92-93 Poeciliopsis spp., 4:30 Poeciliopsis monacha-lucida, 5:93 Poecilopsettidae, 5:450 Pogy. See Atlantic menhadens Poison-fangs, 4:69 Poisoning common dolphinfishes, 5:215-216 striped bristletooths and, 5:399 Poisonous fishes boxfishes, 5:469 Tetraodontiformes, 5:471 Polka-dot cardinalfishes. See Pajama cardinalfishes

Pollachius spp., 5:27, 5:28 Pollachius virens. See Pollocks Pollimyrus isidori. See Elephantfishes Pollocks, 5:26, 5:29, 5:51, 5:55, 5:34-35

See also Alaska pollocks; Gadidae Polyacanthonotus spp., 4:249 Polyacanthonotus merretti. See Marine spiny eels

Polycentrus schomburgkii, 5:237 Polymixia spp. See Beardfishes Polymixia berndti, 5:1 Polymixia lowei, 5:2

Polymixia nobilis. See Stout beardfishes Polymixiidae. See Beardfishes Polymixiiformes. See Beardfishes Polynemidae. See Threadfins Polyodon spathula. See American paddlefishes Polyodontidae, 4:11, 4:213 Polyprionidae. See Wreckfishes Polypteridae. See Bichirs Polypteriformes. See Bichirs Polypterus spp., 4:209, 4:210 Polypterus ornatipinnis. See Bichirs Polypterus senegalus, 4:210 Polypterus weeksii. See Week's bichirs Pomacanthidae. See Angelfishes Pomacanthus imperator. See Emperor angelfishes Pomacentridae. See Damselfishes Pomacentrus albifasciatus, 4:70 Pomatomidae. See Bluefishes Pomatomus saltatrix. See Bluefishes Pomatoschistus spp., 5:375 Pomatoschistus (?) cf. bleicheri, 5:374 Pomatoschistus microps. See Common gobies Pomfrets, 5:255, 5:257-263 Pomoxis nigromaculatus. See Black crappies Pompano dolphinfishes, 5:215, 5:214 Pompano dolphins. See Pompano dolphinfishes Pompanos, 5:255

See also Carangidae Ponde. See Murray cods Pontinus nigropunctatus. See Deepwater jacks Ponyfishes, 5:255, 5:257-263 Poor man's tropheuses, 5:277 Popes. See Ruffes

Popeyed sea goblins. See Bearded ghouls Poptella orbicularis. See Silver tetras Population ecology, 4:42-44 Porbeagles, 4:133, 4:154, 4:138-159 Porcupinefishes, 4:70, 5:467, 5:469-471,

5:472, 5:475, 5:477 Porgies, 4:67, 5:255, 5:258-260, 5:262, 5:263 Porichthyinae, 5:41 Porichthys spp., 5:41, 5:42 Porichthys notatus. See Plainfin midshipmen Porichthys plectrodon. See Atlantic midshipmen Poroderma africanum. See Pajama catsharks Porolepimorpha, 4:12 Poromitra spp., 5:106

4:101-102 Posidonichthys spp., 5:355 Poso bungus, 5:377 Potamobatrachus spp., 5:42 Potamorrhaphis spp., 5:80 Potamotrygonidae. See Freshwater stingrays Potomac shads. See American shads Pouched lampreys, 4:83, 4:87, 4:88

Powder blue tangs, 5:392 Poyato-Ariza, F. J., 4:289 Predation, 4:43-44, 4:49, 4:68-70

See also Behavior Premnas spp., 5:294-295 Prevolitans faedoensis, 5:157 Priacanthidae. See Bigeyes Priacanthus hamrur. See Goggle eyes Priapium fishes, 5:67, 5:68, 5:70 Pricklebacks, 4:67, 5:309-313, 5:314, 5:317 Pricklefishes, 5:105, 5:106, 5:107, 5:109-110 Prionace glauca. See Blue sharks Prionotus spp. See Sea robins Prionotus carolinus. See Northern sea robins Prionotus evolans. See Striped sea robins Prionurus laticlavius. See Yellowtailed surgeonfishes Prionurus maculatus. See Yellowspotted sawtails

Pristigasteridae. See Sawbelly herrings Pristiophoriformes. See Sawsharks Pristiophorus spp., 4:167

Pristiophorus cirratus. See Common sawsharks

Pristiophorus japonicus, 4:167

Pristiophorus nudipinnis, 4:167

Pristiophorus schroederi, 4:167

Pristis cirratus. See Common sawsharks

Pristis pectinata. See Smalltooth sawfishes

Pristoidei, 4:11

Pristolepidae, 4:57

Pristolepis fasciata. See Catopras

Procatopus spp., 5:93

Profundulidae, 4:57

Progogrammus spp., 5:365

Prolebias spp., 5:90

Propherallodus spp., 5:355

Proscylliidae. See Finback catsharks

Proscyllium habereri, 4:115

Protemblemaria punctata, 5:343

Protocobitis typhlops. See Blind cave loach of

Xiaao Protogobius spp., 5:373 Protolophotus spp., 4:448 Protomecicthys spp., 4:448 Protopteridae, 4:57 Protopterus. See African lungfishes Protopterus spp., 4:201-205 Protopterus aethiopicus, 4:201, 4:202, 4:203 Protopterus amphibius. See Southeastern

African lungfishes Protopterus annectens. See African lungfishes Protopterus dolloi, 4:201, 4:202, 4:203 Prototroctes oxyrhynchus. See New Zealand graylings

Prototroctes semoni. See Australian smelts Prototroctidae, 4:391 Prowfishes, 5:309-313

See also Australian prowfishes Psammoperca spp. See Psammoperca waigiensis Psammoperca waigiensis, 5:220, 5:221, 5:222 Psenicubiceps alatus, 5:421 Psettodes spp. See Spiny flounders Psettodidae. See Spiny flounders Psettoidei, 5:449

Pseudanthias bicolor. See Bicolor anthias Pseudanthias ventralis. See Hawaiian anthias Pseudaphritidae. See Australian congollis Pseudaphritis urvillii. See Australian congollis Pseudobalistes spp., 4:68

Pseudobathylagus milleri. See Stout blacksmelts

Pseudocalliurichthys spp., 5:365 Pseudocarcharias spp., 4:131 Pseudocarcharias kamoharai. See Crocodile sharks

Pseudochromidae, 4:48, 5:255, 5:256,

5:258-263 Pseudochrominae, 5:256 Pseudogastromyzon cheni. See Chinese hillstream loaches Pseudomugil mellis, 5:70 Pseudomugilidae. See Blue-eyes Pseudoperilampus ocellatus. See Rosy bitterlings Pseudopimelodidae, 4:352 Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum. See Tiger shovelnose catfishes Pseudopleuronectes americanus. See Winter flounders Pseudorhina spp., 4:161 Pseudoscaphirhynchus spp., 4:213 Pseudosphromenus spp., 5:427 Pseudotriakidae. See False catsharks Pseudotriakis spp., 4:114 Pseudotriakis microdon. See False catsharks Pseudotrichonitidae, 4:431, 4:432 Psilorhynchus aymonieri. See Algae eaters Psychrolutes paradoxus. See Tadpole sculpins Psychrolutes sigalutes. See Soft sculpins Psychrolutidae. See Fathead sculpins Ptarmus jubatus. See Crested scorpionfishes Pteraclis spp., 5:257

Pterapogon kauderni. See Banggai cardinalfishes Pteraspidomorphi, 4:77 Ptereleotridae, 5:373, 5:374 Pterois spp. See Lionfishes Pterois volitans. See Red lionfishes Pterophyllum spp., 5:279 Pterophyllum scalare. See Freshwater angelfishes

Pteroplatytrygon violacea. See Pelagic stingrays Pteroscyllium spp., 4:113 Pterygocephalus paradoxus, 5:157 Ptilichthyidae. See Quillfishes Ptychocheilus lucius. See Colorado pikeminnows Ptychocheilus oregonensis. See Northern pikeminnows Ptychochromoides betsileanus. See Trondo mainties Ptyctodontiformes, 4:10 Pufferfishes, 4:14, 4:70, 5:467-471, 5:472,

5:474, 5:476, 5:481-482 , 5:483, 5:484 Pumpkinseed sunfishes, 5:195, 5:195, 5:198 Pungitius hellenicus, 5:136 Puntius tetrazona tetrazona. See Tiger barbs Pupfishes, 4:12, 5:94, 5:95, 5:97-98 Purring catfishes. See Blue-eye catfishes Puzanovia rubra, 5:310 Pygmy angelfishes, 5:238, 5:242 Pygmy corydoras. See Dwarf corydoras Pygmy perches, 5:219-222 southern, 5:224, 5:229-230 western, 5:224, 5:229, 5:230 Pygmy seahorses, 5:133 Pygmy sharks, 4:151 Pygmy shore-eels, 5:358, 5:361 Pygmy silversides, 5:67, 5:68 Pygmy sunfishes, 4:57, 5:195-199, 5:201, 5:205-206

Pygocentrus nattereri. See Red-bellied piranhas Pygoplites diacanthus. See Regal angelfishes Pylodictis olivaris. See Flathead catfishes

Pyramid butterflyfishes, 5:239 Pyramondontimes, 5:17

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