C

Cabezons, 5:183, 5:185, 5:186, 5:189-190 Cabot, John, 5:30 Cachamas. See Pirapitingas Caesionidae. See Fusiliers Calico basses. See Black crappies California anchovies. See Northern anchovies California angelsharks. See Pacific angelsharks California bullhead sharks, 4:29, 4:97, 4:98,

4:100, 4:101 California Department of Fish and Games Committee on Threatened Trout, 4:411 California flyingfishes, 5:82, 5:85-86 California grunions, 5:69, 5:72, 5:75-74 California scorpionfishes, 5:168, 5:171, 5:174 California sheepheads, 5:300, 5:302-303 California slickheads, 4:394, 4:395 California smoothtongues, 4:394, 4:396, 4:398 California tonguefishes, 5:454, 5:456-457 Californian needlefishes, 5:82, 5:84-85 Callanthiidae. See Splendid perches Callichthyidae, 4:351, 4:352 Callionymidae. See Dragonets Callionymoidei, 5:365-372, 5:368 Callionymus spp., 5:365, 5:366 Callionymus sanctaehelenae. See St. Helena dragonets Calliurichthys spp., 5:365, 5:366 Calloplesiops spp., 5:256 Callorhinchidae, 4:91 Callorhinchus milii. See Ghost sharks Calumia spp., 5:375 Camouflaged catfishes, 4:367 Campellolebias spp., 4:66, 5:93 Campostoma anomalum. See Stonerollers Campylomormyrus cassaicus, 4:233 Campylomormyrus phantasticus, 4:233 Canary bird fishes. See Plainfin midshipmen Candiru, 4:352, 4:356, 4:358, 4:366-367 Candlefishes. See Eulachons Candy-striped catfishes. See Iridescent shark-

catfishes Cannibalism, intrauterine, 4:133

See also Reproduction Cantherhines macrocerus. See Whitespotted filefishes Canthigaster spp., 4:70 Canthigaster coronata. See Crowned tobies Canthigaster ocellicincta. See Shy tobies Canthigaster papua. See False-eye puffers Canthigaster rapaensis. See Rapa Island tobies Canthigaster solandri. See Spotted tobies Canthigaster valentini. See Black saddled tobies Cape Lopez lyretails. See Chocolate lyretails Cape seahorses, 5:136 Capelins, 4:391, 4:392, 4:394, 4:399-400 Capoeta tetrazona. See Tiger barbs Caproidae, 5:123 Capromimus spp., 5:123 Caracanthidae. See Orbicular velvetfishes Caracanthus maculatus. See Spotted coral crouchers

Carangoides ferdau. See Blue trevally

Caranx hippos. See Crevalle jacks

Caranx ruber. See Bar jacks

Carapidae. See Pearlfishes

Carapus spp. See Pearlfishes

Carapus chavesi. See Carapus bermudensis Carapus recifensis. See Carapus bermudensis Carassius auratus. See Crucian carps Carcharhinidae. See Requiem sharks Carcharhiniformes. See Ground sharks Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides, 4:116 Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos. See Gray reef sharks

Carcharhinus amboinensis, 4:116 Carcharhinus borneensis, 4:116 Carcharhinus brachyurus. See Cooper sharks Carcharhinus brevipinna, 4:116 Carcharhinus hemiodon, 4:116 Carcharhinus leucas, 4:116 Carcharhinus limbatus, 4:116 Carcharhinus longimanus. See Oceanic whitetip sharks

Carcharhinus melanopterus, 4:116 Carcharhinus obscurus, 4:116 Carcharhinus plumbeus, 4:116 Carcharias kamoharai. See Crocodile sharks Carcharias taurus. See Sand tiger sharks Carcharodon spp., 4:131 Carcharodon carcharias. See White sharks Carcharodon megalodon. See Megalodon sharks Cardinal tetras, 4:340, 4:344-345 Cardinalfishes, 4:46, 4:67, 4:69, 5:255, 5:256,

5:258-263, 5:345-346 Carnivorous fishes, 4:50

See also specific fish Carolina pygmy sunfishes, 5:196 Carp breams, 4:300 Carpet sharks, 4:105-112, 4:20i Carpiodes asiaticus. See Chinese suckers Carps, 4:297-320, 4:303, 4:305-30i behavior, 4:298-299 conservation, 4:303 distribution, 4:298 evolution, 4:297 feeding ecology, 4:299-300 habitats, 4:298 humans and, 4:303

physical characteristics, 4:297-298, 4:222, 4:302

reproduction, 4:67, 4:69, 4:300-303 species of, 4:307-313 taxonomy, 4:297 Carson-Ewart, B. M., 5:365 Case, J., 5:38 Caspiomyzon spp., 4:83 Catfishes, 4:351-367, 4:355-35i behavior, 4:353 conservation, 4:354 distribution, 4:57, 4:352-353 evolution, 4:351

feeding ecology, 4:68, 4:69, 4:353 habitats, 4:353 humans and, 4:354

physical characteristics, 4:4, 4:6, 4:22, 4:24,

4:60, 4:62, 4:351-352 reproduction, 4:30, 4:66, 4:354 species of, 4:357-367 taxonomy, 4:12, 4:351 Catlocarpio siamensis, 4:298 Catopras, 5:242 Catoprion spp., 4:69 Catostomidae. See Suckers Catostominae, 4:321

Catostomus catostomus. See Longnose suckers Catsharks, 4:11, 4:30, 4:114, 4:115

Caturidae, 4:229 Caulolatilus spp., 5:256 Cave basses, 5:255, 5:258-263 Cave gudgeons. See Blind cave gudgeons Cavefishes (Amblyopsidae), 4:57, 5:5, 5:6, 5:^-10

See also Blind cavefishes (Characins) Cavefishes (Cypriniformes), 4:324, 4:328,

4:329, 4:332-333 Cavefishes of Nam Lang, 4:324, 4:328 Caviar, 4:75, 4:215

Celebes rainbowfishes, 4:57, 5:72, 5:75, 5:76 Central mudminnows, 4:372, 4:382, 4:383, 4:386

Central stonerollers. See Stonerollers Centrarchidae. See Sunfishes Centriscidae. See Shrimpfishes Centrodraco spp., 5:365 Centrodraco insolitus. See Draconetts Centrolophidae. See Medusafishes Centrolophus niger. See Black ruffs Centrophoridae. See Gulper sharks Centrophorus spp., 4:152 Centrophorus granulosus. See Gulper sharks Centropomidae, 4:68, 5:219, 5:220, 5:222 Centropomus spp., 5:220, 5:221 Centropomus undecimalis. See Common snooks Centropyge spp. See Pygmy angelfishes Centropyge resplendens, 5:242-243 Cephalopholis spp., 5:262 Cephaloscyllium ventriosum. See Swellsharks Cephalurus spp., 4:115 Ceratias holboelli. See Kroyers deep sea anglerfishes Ceratioidei, 5:47, 5:48, 5:50, 5:51, 5:55 Ceratodontidae, 4:57

Ceratodontiformes. See Australian lungfishes Ceratodus forsteri. See Australian lungfishes Ceratoscopelus maderensis, 4:443 Ceratoscopelus warmingii, 4:443 Cestracion francisci. See California bullhead sharks Cestraeus spp., 5:59 Cetomimidae. See Flabby whalefishes Cetomimoidea, 5:105, 5:106 Cetopsidae, 4:352 Cetorhinidae, 4:67

Cetorhinus maximus. See Basking sharks Cetoscarus bicolor. See Bicolor parrotfishes Chaca. See Squarehead catfishes Chaca chaca. See Squarehead catfishes Chacidae, 4:353

Chaenocephalus aceratus. See Blackfin icefishes Chaenopsidae, 5:341, 5:343 Chaetodon collare. See Redtail butterflyfishes Chaetodon flavocoronatus, 5:242-243 Chaetodon litus, 5:242-243 Chaetodon lunula, 5:239 Chaetodon marleyi, 5:242-243 Chaetodon melanotus. See Blackback butterflyfishes Chaetodon multicinctus. See Pebbled butterflyfishes Chaetodon obliquus, 5:242-243 Chaetodon polylepis. See Pyramid butterflyfishes Chaetodon punctatofasciatus, 5:241 Chaetodon robustus, 5:242-243 Chaetodon trifascialis, 5:241 Chaetodontidae. See Butterflyfishes Chaetostoma spp. See Bulldog plecos

Chain catsharks, 4:118, 4:125, 4:126 Champsocephalus gunnari. See Mackerel icefishes Champsochromis caeruleus. See Trout cichlids Champsodontidae. See Gapers Chandidae. See Glassfishes Chanidae, 4:289, 4:290 Channa spp., 5:437

Channa argus. See Northern snakeheads Channa aurantimaculata. See Orange-spotted snakeheads Channa bankanensis. See Banka snakeheads Channa barca. See Barca snakeheads Channa bleheri. See Rainbow snakeheads Channa gachua. See Dwarf snakeheads Channa maculata. See Blotched snakeheads Channa marulius. See Bullseye snakeheads Channa micropeltes. See Giant snakeheads Channa orientalis. See Walking snakeheads Channa pleurophthalmus. See Ocellated snakeheads Channa striata. See Striped snakeheads Channel basses. See Red drums Channel catfishes, 4:555, 4:361 Channeled rockfishes. See Deepwater scorpionfishes Channichthyidae. See Icefishes Channidae. See Snakeheads Channoidei. See Snakeheads Chanos spp., 4:290, 4:291 Chanos chanos. See Milkfishes Characidae. See Characins Characiformes. See Characins Characins, 4:36, 4:69, 4:335-350, 4:340-341 behavior, 4:337 conservation, 4:338-339 distribution, 4:337 evolution, 4:335 feeding ecology, 4:337-338 habitats, 4:337 humans and, 4:339 physical characteristics, 4:336, 4:337 reproduction, 4:66, 4:67, 4:336, 4:337, 4:338 species of, 4:342-350 taxonomy, 4:335 Charrs, 4:62, 4:405, 4:408, 4:413, 4:417 Chasmistes spp., 4:322 Chasmistes muriei, 4:322 Chatrabus spp., 5:42 Chaudhuriidae, 4:57, 5:151 Chauliodus sloani. See Viperfishes Chaunacidae. See Sea toads Chaunacoidei. See Sea toads Chega. See Squarehead catfishes Cheilinus undulatus. See Humphead wrasses Cheilobranchinae. See Singleslits Cheilodactylidae. See Morwongs Cheilodactylus spp., 5:238

Cheilodactylus vittatus. See Hawaiian morwongs Cheilodipterus spp., 5:260 Cheilodipterus nigrotaeniatus, 5:345-346 Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus. See Four-winged flyingfishes Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus. See

California flyingfishes Cheimarrichthyidae. See Torrentfishes Cheimarrichthys fosteri. See Torrentfishes Chelidonichthys lucerna. See Tub gurnards Chelidonichthys spinosus. See Red gurnards Chemosensory systems, 4:21-22, 4:60, 4:62 See also Physical characteristics

Chernoff, B., 5:67 Cherry salmons, 4:409, 4:412-413 Chevron snakeheads. See Striped snakeheads Chiapas catfishes, 4:352 Chiasmodontidae. See Deep-sea swallowers Chilatherina sentaniensis, 5:70 Chilean perches, 5:219, 5:221, 5:222 Chilean pilchards. See South American pilchards

Chilean sardines. See South American pilchards Chilomycterus spp., 5:471

Chiloscyllium punctatum. See Banded cat sharks

Chimaeridae, 4:91

Chimaeriformes. See Chimaeras

Chinese algae eaters, 4:322, 4:328, 4:333

Chinese carps, 4:298

Chinese catfishes, 4:353

Chinese goldfishes, 4:303

Chinese hillstream loaches, 4:324, 4:328

Chinese schemers. See Silver carps

Chinese sturgeons, 4:214

Chirocentridae. See Wolf herrings

Chirocentrus spp., 4:277

Chirocentrus dorab. See Dorab wolf herrings

Chirodactylus grandis, 5:242

Chirolophis spp., 5:310

Chirolophis nugator. See Mosshead warbonnets

Chironemidae. See Kelpfishes

Chitala blanci, 4:234

Chitala chitala. See Clown knifefishes

Chitala lopis, 4:232

Chitala ornata. See Clown featherbacks Chlamydogobius spp., 5:375, 5:376 Chlamydogobius eremius. See Desert gobies Chlamydogobius gloveri. See Dalhousie gobies Chlamydogobius micropterus, 5:377 Chlamydogobius squamigenus. See Edgbaston gobies

Chlamydoselachidae, 4:143 Chlamydoselachus anguineus. See Frilled sharks Chlopsidae, 4:255 Chlorophthalmidae, 4:432 Chlorophthalmoidei, 4:431 Chlorophthalmus acutifrons. See Greeneyes Chocolate australes. See Chocolate lyretails Chocolate lyretails, 5:95, 5:96-97 Chologaster agassizii. See Spring cavefishes Chologaster cornuta. See Swampfishes Chondrichthyes, 4:10-11, 4:15, 4:23, 4:26,

4:91, 4:173 Chorisochismini, 5:355, 5:356 Chorisochismus dentex. See Rocksuckers Chromis spp., 5:294 Chromis cyanea. See Blue chromis Chromis sanctaehelenae, 5:298 Chrysiptera spp., 5:294 Chubs. See Sea chubs Cichla spp., 5:276

Cichla temensis. See Speckled pavons Cichlasoma dovii. See Guapotes Cichlasoma nicaraguense. See Mogas Cichlidae. See Cichlids Cichlids, 4:34, 4:36, 4:52, 4:62, 4:66,

5:275-289, 5:282, 5:283 Ciguatera poisoning, 5:215-216, 5:399 Ciguatoxin, 4:265

Circadian rhythms, 4:60 Circulatory system, 4:23-24

See also Physical characteristics Cirrhitichthys aprinus, 5:242 Cirrhitichthys falco, 4:63 Cirrhitidae. See Hawkfishes Cirrhitoidea, 5:235, 5:237 Cirrhitops fasciatus. See Red-barred hawkfishes Cirrhitus pinnulatus, 5:236 CITES. See Convention on International

Trade in Endangered Species Citharichthys sordidus. See Pacific sanddabs Citharidae, 5:450 Citharinidae, 4:69, 4:335, 4:339 Cladoselache, 4:10 Clapp, W. F., 5:56 Clarence galaxias, 4:391 Clarias batrachus. See Walking catfishes Clarias gariepinus. See Sharptooth catfishes Clariidae, 4:352 Clarius spp., 4:24 Claroglanididae, 4:353 Claroteidae, 4:352 Cleaner gobies, 4:69, 5:376, 5:384 Cleaner wrasses, 5:295-296

See also Bluestreak cleaner wrasses Cleanerfishes, 4:50, 4:69 Clearfin lizardfishes, 4:433, 4:435, 4:438, 4:439 Clearnose skates, 4:180, 4:186, 4:187 Cleidopus gloriamaris, 5:116 Clemens, W. A., 5:351 Clevelandia ios. See Arrow gobies Climbing catfishes, 4:352 Climbing galaxias, 4:391 Climbing perches, 5:428, 5:430, 5:431 Clingfishes, 4:47, 4:48, 4:50, 5:355,

5:355-363, 5:358 Clinidae, 5:341, 5:343 Clinocottus spp., 5:180 Clinocottus globiceps. See Mosshead sculpins Clinostomus elongatus. See Redside daces Clinus spatulatus, 5:343 Clown anemonefishes, 5:299, 5:302, 5:304 Clown featherbacks, 4:26, 4:232

See also Clown knifefishes Clown knifefishes, 4:231-234, 4:235,

4:239-240, 4:241 Clown loaches, 4:322, 4:326, 4:331-332 Clown triggerfishes, 4:4, 4:31, 5:473,

5:475-476 Clupea harengus. See Atlantic herrings Clupea harengus pallasii. See Pacific herrings Clupea pallasii. See Pacific herrings Clupeidae, 4:34, 4:44, 4:48, 4:277 Clupeiformes. See Herrings Clupeoidei, 4:277 Clupeomorpha, 4:11-12 Coalfishes. See Pollocks; Sablefishes Cobias, 5:255, 5:256, 5:258-263 Cobitidae. See Loaches Cobitinae, 4:321

Cobitis barbatula. See Stone loaches Cobitis choirorhynchus. See Horseface loaches Cobitis fossilis. See Weatherfishes Cobitis kuhlii. See Coolie loaches Cobitis macracanthus. See Clown loaches Cobitoidea, 4:321-322 Cochleoceps spp., 5:355, 5:357 Cochleoceps orientalis. See Eastern cleaner-clingfishes

Cociella crocodila, 5:158 Cockatoo waspfishes, 5:167, 5:169, 5:177 Cocoons, parrotfishes and, 5:295, 5:297 Codlike fishes, 4:448, 5:15 Cods, 430, 4:75, 5:25-30, 5:31, 5:32-34 Coelacanth Conservation Council, 4:193 Coelacanthiformes. See Coelacanths Coelacanthimorpha, 4:12 Coelacanths, 4:12, 4:32, 4:189-196, 4:190, 4:194

Coffinfishes. See Sea toads

Coho salmons, 4:409, 4:412

Colisa labiosa. See Thick-lipped gouramies

Colisa lalia. See Dwarf gouramies

Collared carpet sharks, 4:105

Coloconger raniceps. See Froghead eels

Colocongridae, 4:255

Cololabis adocetus, 5:79

Colorado pikeminnows, 4:298, 4:299-300,

4:303, 4:307, 4:315 Colorado squawfishes. See Colorado pikeminnows Coloration, 4:61, 4:69-70 parrotfishes, 5:296-297 wrasses, 5:296-297 See also Physical characteristics Columbia sturgeons. See White sturgeons Combfishes, 5:179 Comephoridae. See Baikal oilfishes Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Resources mackerel icefishes, 5:327 toothfishes, 5:323 Committee on the Status of Endangered

Wildlife in Canada, 4:217 Common anchovies. See Bay anchovies Common angelsharks. See Angelsharks Common buffalofishes. See Bigmouth buffalos Common carps, 4:69, 4:299, 4:303, 4:306,

4:310-311 Common clownfishes. See Clown anemonefishes Common daces, 4:306, 4:307, 4:314 Common dolphinfishes, 4:339, 5:211, 5:213, 5:215-216

Common eels. See American eels; European eels

Common fangtooths, 5:117, 5:118, 5:119 Common gar pikes. See Longnose gars Common gobies, 5:375, 5:376-377 Common hatchetfishes. See River hatchetfishes Common jacks. See Crevalle jacks Common jollytails, 4:54, 4:58-59, 4:391,

4:392, 4:393 Common minnows. See Eurasian minnows Common remoras, 5:213, 5:214, 5:216 Common sabertooths. See Common fangtooths Common sawsharks, 4:167, 4:169, 4:170 Common seadragons. See Weedy seadragons Common shads. See American shads Common shore-eels, 5:356, 5:358, 5:359 Common shrimpfishes, 5:138, 5:139-140 Common snooks, 5:219, 5:224, 5:225 Common soles, 5:454, 5:460, 5:462-463 Common squirrelfishes. See Squirrelfishes Common sturgeons. See Atlantic sturgeons

Common whitefishes. See Lake whitefishes Communication, 4:19-23, 4:60, 4:61-62 Communities, 4:42 See also Behavior Competition, 4:43 See also Behavior Condonts, 4:9

Condrostoma spp., 4:299-300 Conger eels. See American congers Conger oceanicus. See American congers Congiopodidae. See Pigfishes Congiopodus peruvianus. See South American pigfishes Congo eels. See Wrymouths Congridae, 4:48, 4:67, 4:70, 4:255 Congrogadinae, 5:256 Conidens spp., 5:355

Connecticut river shads. See American shads Conservation status, 4:74-76 Acanthuroidei, 5:393, 5:397-403 Acipenseriformes, 4:214-215, 4:217-220 Albuliformes, 4:250, 4:252-253 angelsharks, 4:162, 4:164-165 anglerfishes, 5:51, 5:53-56 Anguilliformes, 4:258, 4:262-269 Atheriniformes, 5:70-71, 5:73-76 Aulopiformes, 4:434, 4:436-439 Australian lungfishes, 4:199 beardfishes, 5:2, 5:3 Beloniformes, 5:81, 5:83-86 Beryciformes, 5:116, 5:118-121 bichirs, 4:210, 4:211-212 blennies, 5:343, 5:345-348 bowfins, 4:230

bullhead sharks, 4:98, 4:101-102 Callionymoidei, 5:366-367, 5:370-371 carps, 4:303, 4:308-313 catfishes, 4:354, 4:357-367 characins, 4:338-339, 4:342-350 chimaeras, 4:92, 4:94-95 coelacanths, 4:192-193 Cypriniformes, 4:303, 4:307-319, 4:322,

4:325-333 Cyprinodontiformes, 5:94, 5:96-102 dogfish sharks, 4:152-153, 4:156-158 dories, 5:124, 5:126-127, 5:129-130 eels, 4:258, 4:262-269 electric eels, 4:371, 4:373-377 Elopiformes, 4:244, 4:247 Esociformes, 4:380, 4:383-386 flatfishes, 5:453, 5:455-463 freshwater fishes, 4:76 Gadiformes, 5:29-30, 5:33-40 gars, 4:222, 4:224-227 Gasterosteiformes, 5:136, 5:139-141,

5:143-147 gobies, 5:377, 5:380-388 Gobiesocoidei, 5:357, 5:359-363 Gonorynchiformes, 4:291, 4:293-295 ground sharks, 4:116, 4:119-128 Gymnotiformes, 4:371, 4:373-377 hagfishes, 4:79, 4:80-81 herrings, 4:278, 4:281-288 Hexanchiformes, 4:144, 4:146-148 Labroidei, 5:280-281, 5:284-290, 5:298,

5:301-307 labyrinth fishes, 5:429, 5:431-434 lampreys, 4:85, 4:88-90 Lampridiformes, 4:450, 4:453-454 lanternfishes, 4:443, 4:445-446

lungfishes, 4:203, 4:205-206 mackerel sharks, 4:133, 4:135-141 minnows, 4:303, 4:314-315 morays, 4:258, 4:265-267 mudminnows, 4:380, 4:383-386 mullets, 5:60, 5:62-65 Ophidiiformes, 5:18, 5:20-22 Orectolobiformes, 4:105, 4:109-111 Osmeriformes, 4:393, 4:395-401 Osteoglossiformes, 4:234, 4:237-241 Percoidei, 5:199, 5:202-208, 5:212, 5:214-217, 5:222, 5:225-226, 5:228-233, 5:242-243, 5:247-253, 5:262, 5:267-268, 5:270-273 Percopsiformes, 5:6, 5:8-12 pikes, 4:380, 4:383-386 ragfishes, 5:353 Rajiformes, 4:178, 4:182-188 rays, 4:178, 4:182-188 Saccopharyngiformes, 4:272, 4:274-276 salmons, 4:407, 4:410-419 sawsharks, 4:168, 4:170-171 Scombroidei, 5:407, 5:409-418 Scorpaeniformes, 5:159, 5:161-162, 5:166,

5:169-178, 5:183, 5:186-193 Scorpaenoidei, 5:166 skates, 4:178, 4:187 snakeheads, 5:439, 5:442-446 South American knifefishes, 4:371,

4:373-377 southern cod-icefishes, 5:322-323, 5:325-328

Stephanoberyciformes, 5:106, 5:108-110 Stomiiformes, 4:424, 4:426-429 Stromateoidei, 5:422 Synbranchiformes, 5:152, 5:154-156 Tetraodontiformes, 5:471, 5:475, 5:477-484 toadfishes, 5:42, 5:44-46 Trachinoidei, 5:335, 5:337-339 whale sharks, 4:105, 4:110 Zoarcoidei, 5:313, 5:315-318 Continental drift, 4:58 Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific, 4:413

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Acipenseriformes, 4:215, 4:217 Australian lungfishes, 4:199 coelacanths, 4:193 Orectolobiformes, 4:105 Osteoglossiformes, 4:234, 4:240 Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats European wels, 4:366 salmons, 4:416 Convention on the Law of the Sea common dolphinfishes, 5:215 pompano dolphinfishes, 5:214 Convict blennies, 5:331-335 Cookie-cutter sharks, 4:139, 4:152, 4:154,

4:155-156 Coolie loaches, 4:324, 4:325, 4:332 Cooper sharks, 4:115 Copadichromis eucinostomus, 5:279 Copeina. See Splash tetras Copella spp., 4:66 Copella arnoldi. See Splash tetras Coral cardinalfishes. See Pajama cardinalfishes Coral catfishes, 4:355, 4:360, 4:365

Coral crouchers, 4:42, 4:43, 4:48 Coral dragonets. See Lancer dragonets Coral-dwelling hawkfishes, 5:240 Coral reef habitats, 4:35, 4:42, 4:43, 4:43,

4:44, 4:47-48, 4:54, 4:61 Coral trouts, 5:255, 5:271-272

See also Epinephelini Coralliozetus tayrona, 5:343 Corallivores, 4:50 Coregonus alpenae, 4:407 Coregonus clupeaformis. See Lake whitefishes Coregonus johannae, 4:407 Coregonus lavaretus, 4:410 Coregonus nigripinnis, 4:407 Corematodus spp., 4:69 Coreoperca spp., 5:220, 5:221 Coreosiniperca spp., 5:220 Cornetfishes, 5:131-132, 5:133, 5:135 blue-spotted, 5:138, 5:140-141 red, 5:134

Corphaena equiselis. See Pompano dolphinfishes Cortez chubs, 5:246, 5:249 Corydoras spp. See Plated catfishes Corydoras aeneus. See Catfishes Corydoras hastatus. See Dwarf corydoras Corydoras revelatus, 4:351 Coryphaena spp. See Dolphinfishes Coryphaena hippurus. See Common dolphinfishes Coryphaenidae. See Dolphinfishes Coryphaenoides spp., 5:27 Coryphaenoides rupestris. See Roundnose grenadiers Corythoichthys isigakius, 5:136 Cottidae. See Sculpins Cottocomephoridae. See Baikal sculpins Cottoidei. See Sculpins Cottonfishes. See Bowfins Cottunculidae, 5:179 Cottus spp., 5:180, 5:183 Cottus bairdii, 5:180 Cottus cognatus, 5:180 Cottus echinatus, 5:183 Cotuero toadfishes, 5:42 Courtship. See Reproduction Couvalli jacks. See Crevalle jacks Cowan, I. M., 5:353 Cownose rays, 4:176, 4:177 Cowsharks, 4:11, 4:143 Craniata, 4:9

Craterocephalus fluviatilis, 5:70

Creediidae. See Sandburrowers

Creek perches. See Longear sunfishes

Crenicara spp., 5:279

Crenichthys spp., 5:89

Crenicichla alta. See Millets

Crenimugil crenilabis. See Fringelip mullets

Creocele spp., 5:355

Crescent-banded tiger-fishes. See Crescent perches

Crested oarfishes. See Crestfishes Crested scorpionfishes, 5:167, 5:169, 5:170 Crestfishes, 4:451, 4:453-454 Crevalle jacks, 5:264, 5:266, 5:267 Crinoid clingfishes, 5:355, 5:356, 5:358,

5:359-360 Croakers, 5:255

See also Sciaenidae Croaking gouramies, 5:427, 5:428 Crocodile icefishes. See Mackerel icefishes

Crocodile sharks, 4:131-133, 4:134, 4:139, 4:141

Crocodilefishes, 5:159 Cromeria spp., 4:289, 4:290 Crowned tobies, 4:70

4:308-309 Cryptacanthodes aleutensis. See Dwarf wrymouths Cryptacanthodes bergi, 5:310, 5:313 Cryptacanthodes giganteus, 5:310 Cryptacanthodes maculatus. See Wrymouths Cryptacanthodidae. See Wrymouths Cryptopsaras couesii. See Seadevils Crystal gobies, 5:375 Crystallogobius linearis. See Crystal gobies Ctenochaetus spp., 5:396

Ctenochaetus striatus. See Striped bristletooths

Ctenoluciidae, 4:335, 4:337

Ctenopharyngodon idellus. See Grass carps

Ctenopoma spp., 5:427, 5:428

Ctenopoma multispinis, 5:428

Cuban gars, 4:223, 4:224-225

Cubanichthys spp., 5:91

Cucumberfishes, 4:391

Culter spp., 4:298

Culter alburnus. See Upper mouths

Cultrinae, 4:297

Cultus cods. See Lingcods

Curimatidae, 4:335, 4:337

Cusks. See Tusks

Cutlass fishes. See Banded knifefishes Cuvier, Georges, 5:163, 5:427 Cuvier's pike characins. See Golden pike characins Cyathopharynx furcifer, 5:278 Cycleptinae, 4:321

Cyclichthys orbicularis. See Birdbeak burrfishes Cyclopteridae. See Lumpfishes Cyclopterus lumpus. See Lumpfishes Cyclothone spp., 4:424

Cyclothone braueri. See Brauer's bristlemouths

Cyclurus spp., 4:230

Cyema atrum. See Bobtail snipe eels

Cyematidae, 4:271, 4:272

Cyematoidei, 4:271

Cymatogaster aggregata. See Shiner perches Cymbacephalus beauforti. See Crocodilefishes Cynoglossidae. See Tonguefishes Cynolebias spp., 4:29 Cynolebias bellottii, 5:90 Cynolebias maculatus, 5:90 Cynolebiatinae, 5:90 Cynopoecilus spp., 5:93 Cypress trouts. See Bowfins Cyprinella spp., 4:301 Cyprinidae. See Minnows Cypriniformes, 4:297-320, 4:303-306, 4:321-334, 4:322-323 behavior, 4:298-299, 4:322 conservation, 4:303, 4:322 distribution, 4:298, 4:321 evolution, 4:321

feeding ecology, 4:299-300, 4:322 habitats, 4:298, 4:321-322 humans and, 4:303, 4:322 physical characteristics, 4:297-298, 4:301, 4:302, 4:321

reproduction, 4:297, 4:500-303, 4:302, 4:322

species of, 4:307-319, 4:325-333 taxonomy, 4:36, 4:297, 4:321 Cyprininae, 4:297

Cyprinocirrhites polyactis, 5:238-239, 5:240, 5:242

Cyprinodon spp., 5:91, 5:92 Cyprinodon diabolis. See Devils Hole pupfishes Cyprinodon inmemoriam, 5:94 Cyprinodon tularosa, 5:90 Cyprinodon variegatus. See Sheepsheads Cyprinodontidae. See Killifishes Cyprinodontiformes, 4:12, 4:29, 4:35, 5:89-104, 5:95 behavior, 5:92 conservation status, 5:94 distribution, 5:91 evolution, 5:89-90 feeding ecology, 5:92 habitats, 5:91-92 humans and, 5:94 physical characteristics, 5:90-91 reproduction, 5:92-93 species of, 5:96—102 taxonomy, 5:89-90 Cyprinodontoidei, 5:90, 5:91, 5:92 Cyprinus acutidorsalis. See Chinese carps Cyprinus auratus. See Crucian carps Cyprinus barbus. See Barbels Cyprinus carpio. See Common carps Cyprinus catostomus. See Longnose suckers Cyprinus erythrophthalmus. See Rudds Cyprinus gobio. See Gudgeons Cyprinus leuciscus. See Common daces Cyprinus phoxinus. See Eurasian minnows Cyprinus rerio. See Zebrafishes Cyprinus tinca. See Tenches Cypsilurus spp., 5:80 Cyttomimus spp., 5:123

600 Chocolate Recipes

600 Chocolate Recipes

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