Patterns of Molecular Variation

The results of molecular studies of numerous genes have demonstrated that different genes and different parts of the same gene often evolve at different rates. Rates of evolutionary change in nucleotide sequences are usually measured as the rate of nucleotide substitution, which is the number of substitutions taking place per nucleotide site per year. To calculate the rate of nucleotide substitution, we begin by looking at homologous sequences from different organisms. We compare the homologous sequences and

Dentist Dentist-y Patient C-x Patient C-y Patient A-y Patient G-x Patient G-y Patient A-x Patient B-x Patient B-y Patient E-x Patient E-y

LC2-x LC3-x LC2-y Patient F-x Patient F-y

LC consensus seqeunce

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