tRNA genes


Note: There are also several types of minor introns, including group III introns, twintrons, and archaeal introns.

which these introns are removed is similar to that of the group II introns, but nuclear introns are not self-splicing; their removal requires snRNAs (discussed later) and a number of proteins. Transfer RNA introns, found in tRNA genes, utilize yet another splicing mechanism that relies on enzymes to cut and reseal the RNA. In addition to these major groups, there are several other types of introns.

We'll take a detailed look at the chemistry and mechanics of RNA splicing later in the chapter. For now, we should keep in mind two general characteristics of the splicing process: (1) the splicing of all pre-mRNA introns takes place in the nucleus and is probably required for RNA to move to the cytoplasm; and (2) the order of exons in DNA is usually maintained in the spliced RNA—the coding sequences of a gene may be split up, but they are not usually jumbled up.

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