Info

in Nucleotide

Organism

Pairs

Euglena gracilis (protist)

143,172

Porphyra purpurea (red alga)

191,028

Chlorella vulgaris (green alga)

150,613

Marchantia polymorpha (liverwort)

121,024

Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco)

155,939

Zea mays (corn)

140,387

Pinus thunbergii (black pine)

119,707

and many chloroplast genes are organized into operon-like clusters.

Among vascular plants, chloroplast chromosomes are similar in gene content and gene order. A typical chloroplast genome encodes 4 rRNA genes, from 30 to 35 tRNA genes, a number of ribosomal proteins, many proteins engaged in

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