References

1. Mock CN et al. Trauma mortality patterns in three nations at different economic levels: implications for global trauma system development. The Journal of Trauma, 1998, 44:804-814.

2. Mock CN et al.Trauma outcomes in the rural developing world: comparison with an urban level I trauma center. The Journal of Trauma, 1993, 35:518-523.

3. Mock CN, Denno D,Adzotor ES. Paediatric trauma in the rural developing world: low cost measures to improve outcome. Injury, 1993, 24:291-296.

4. MacKenzie EJ et al. Functional recovery and medical costs of trauma: an analysis by type and severity of injury. The Journal of Trauma, 1988, 28:281-297.

5. Mock CN, Jurkovich GJ.Trauma system development in the United States. Trauma Quarterly, 1999, 14:197-210.

6. Jurkovich G, Mock C. A systematic review of trauma system effectiveness based on registry comparisons. The Journal of Trauma, 1999, 47:S46-55.

7. Mann N et al. A systematic review of published evidence regarding trauma system effectiveness. The Journal of Trauma, 1999, 47:S25-33.

8. Nathens A et al. The effect of organized systems of trauma care on motor vehicle crash mortality. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2000, 283: 1990-1994.

9. Nathens A et al. Effectiveness of state trauma systems in reducing injury-related mortality: a national evaluation. The Journal of Trauma, 2000, 48:25-30.

10. Quansah RE, Mock CN. Trauma care in Ghana. Trauma Quarterly, 1999, 14:283-294.

1 1. Quansah R. Availability of emergency medical services along major highways. Ghana Medical Journal, 2001, 35:8-10.

12. Mock CN, Quansah RE, Addae-Mensah L. Kwame Nkramah University of Science and Technology continuing medical education course in trauma management. Trauma Quarterly, 1999, l4(3):345-348.

13. Ali J et al. Trauma outcome improves following the advanced trauma life support program in a developing country. The Journal of Trauma, 1993, 34:890-898.

14. Ali J et al. Advanced trauma life support program increases emergency room application of trauma resuscitative procedures. The Journal of Trauma, 1994, 36:391-394.

15. Arreola-Risa C, Speare J OR. Trauma in Mexico. Trauma Quarterly, 1999, 14(3): 211-220.

16. London JA et al. Priorities for improving hospital-based trauma care in an African city. The Journal of Trauma, 2001, 51:747-753.

17. American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. Resources for optimal care of the injured patient: 1999. Chicago, American College of Surgeons, 1999.

18. Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. Policy on trauma. Box Hill, Capitol Press Pty Ltd, 1997.

19. National Road Trauma Advisory Council. Report of the working party on trauma systems. Canberra, Commonwealth Department of Health, Housing, Local Government and Community Services, 1993.

20. Kobayashi K. Trauma care in Japan. Trauma Quarterly, 1999, 14:249-252.

21. Schmidt U. The German trauma system: infrastructure and organization. Trauma Quarterly, 1999, 14:227-231.

22. Simons R et al. Impact on process of trauma care delivery 1 year after the introduction of a trauma program in a provincial trauma center. The Journal of Trauma, 1999, 46:811-815.

23. Brennan PW et al. Risk of death among cases attending South Australian major trauma services after severe trauma: 4 years of operation of a state trauma system. The Journal of Trauma, 2002, 53:333-339.

24. Holder Y et al. Injury surveillance guidelines. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2001.

25. Cook J, Sankaran B, Wasunna AEO. Surgery at the district hospital: obstetrics, gynaecology, orthopaedics and traumatology. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1991.

26. World Health Organization. Surgical care at the district hospital. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2003 (available from http://www.who.int/bct/Main_areas_of_ work/DCT/documents/924l545755.pdf).

27. Gorman DF et al. Preventable deaths among major trauma patients in Mersey Region, North Wales and the Isle of Man. Injury, 1996, 27:189-192.

28. Esposito TJ et al. Analysis of preventable pediatric trauma deaths and inappropriate trauma care in Montana. The Journal of Trauma, 1999, 47:243-251.

29. Papadopoulos IN et al. Preventable prehospital trauma deaths in a Hellenic urban health region: an audit of prehospital trauma care. The Journal of Trauma, 1996, 41:864-869.

30. Hussain LM, Redmond AD. Are pre-hospital deaths from accidental injury preventable? British Medical Journal, 1994, 23:1077-1080.

31. American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. Advanced Trauma Life Support program for doctors:instructor manual. Chicago, American College of Surgeons, 1997.

32. Bullock R et al. Guidelines for the management of severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 2000, 17:451-553.

33. Palmer S et al. The impact on outcomes in a community hospital setting of using the AANS traumatic brain injury guidelines. The Journal of Trauma, 2001, 50: 657-664.

34. Trask AL et al. Trauma service management of brain injured patients by protocol improves outcomes (abstract). The Journal of Trauma, 1998, 45:1109.

35. Chesnut R et al. The role of secondary brain injury in determining outcome from severe head injury. The Journal of Trauma, 1993, 34(2):2l6-222.

36. Seelig JM et al. Traumatic acute subdural hematoma: major mortality reduction in comatose patients treated within four hours. New England Journal of Medicine, 1981, 304:1511-1517.

37. Keenan W et al. Manipulation under anesthetic of children's fractures: use of the image intensifier reduces radiation exposure to patients and theatre personnel. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 1996, 16:183-186.

38. Sri-Pathmanathan R. The mobile X-ray image intensifier unit in maxillofacial surgery. British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, I990, 28:203-206.

39. Tator CH, Benzel EC. Contemporary management of spinal cord injury:from impact to rehabilitation. Park Ridge, IL, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 2000.

40. Maynard FM Jr et al. International standards for neurological and functional classification of spinal cord injury. American Spinal Injury Association. Spinal Cord. I997 35(5):266-274.

41. Guidelines for management of acute cervical spinal injuries. Neurosurgery, 2002, 50:SI-SI99.

42. Mann R, Heimbach D. Prognosis and treatment of burns. Western Journal of Medicine, I996, I65:2I5-220.

43. Mock C, Maier RV, nii-Amon-Kotei D. Low utilization of formal medical services by injured persons in a developing nation. The Journal of Trauma, I997, 42:504-5I3.

44. Mock CN, Ofosu A, Gish O. Utilization of district health services by injured persons in a rural area of Ghana. International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 200I, I6:I9—32.

45. World Health Organization. Promoting independence following a spinal cord injury:a manual for mid-level rehabilitation workers. Geneva,World Health Organization, I996

46. World Health Organization. WHO model list of essential medicines: 12th list, April 2002. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2002 (www.who.int/medicines/organi-zation/par/edl/edl2002core.pdf)

47. Reich MR.The global drug gap. Science, 2000, 287:I979—I98I.

48. United Nations Development Programme. Emergency relief items: compendium of basic specifications. Vol. 2. New York, United Nations Development Programme,

1999.

49. World Health Organization. District health facilities:guidelines for development & operations. Manila: WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, I998.

50. Krantz BE. The international ATLS program. Trauma Quarterly, I999, I4:323—328.

51. Wilkinson DA, Skinner MW. Primary trauma care manual: a manual for trauma management in district and remote locations. Oxford, Primary Trauma Care Foundation,

2000.

52. Maier RV, Rhodes M. Trauma performance improvement. In: Rivara FP et al., eds. Injury control:a guide to research and program evaluation. New York, Cambridge University Press, 200I.

53. Shackford SR et al. Assuring quality in a trauma system—the Medical Audit Committee: composition, cost, and results. The Journal of Trauma, I987, 27:866—875.

54. Oakley PA. Setting and living up to national standards for the care of the injured. Injury, I994, 25:595—604.

55. Maher D. Clinical audit in a developing country. Tropical Medicine and International Health, I996, I(4):409—4I3.

56. Zeitz PS et al. Quality assurance management methods applied to a local-level primary health care system in rural Nigeria. International Journal of Health Planning and Management, I993, 8:235—244.

57. Pathak L et al. Process indicators for safe motherhood programmes: their application and implications as derived from hospital data in Nepal. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 2000, 5:882—890.

58. Bhatt R. Professional responsibility in maternity care: role of medical audit. International Journal of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, I989, 30:47-S0.

59. Ifenne D et al. Improving the quality of obstetric care at the teaching hospital, Zaria, Nigeria. International Journal of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, I997, S9:S37-46.

60. Mbaruku G, Bergstrom S. Reducing maternal mortality in Kigoma,Tanzania. Health Policy and Planning, I99S, I0:7I—78.

61. Ronsmans C. How can we monitor progress towards improved maternal health goals? Studies in Health Services Organisation and Policy, 200I, I7:3I7-342.

62. Koblinsky M, Campbell O, Heichelheim J. Organizing delivery care: what works for safe motherhood? Bulletin of the World Health Organization, I999, 77:399406.

63. Bobadilla JL, Reyes-Frausto S, Karchmer S. La magnitud y las causas de la mortalidad materna en el Distrito Federal (I988-I989) [Magnitude and causes of maternal mortality in the Federal District (I988-I989)]. Gaceta Médica de México, I996, I32:S—18.

64. Ashoor A, Wosornu L, Al-Azizi MA. Quality assurance in an ear, nose and throat department in Saudi Arabia. A surgical audit. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, I99S, 7(I):S7—62.

65. Noorani N, Ahmed M, Esufali ST. Implementation of surgical audit in Pakistan. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, I992, 74(Suppl. 2):28—3I.

66. Chardbunchachai W, Suppachutikul A, Santikarn C. Development of service system for injury patients by utilizing data from the trauma registry. Khon Kaen, Office of Research and Textbook Project, Khon Kaen Hospital, 2002.

67. Kobusingye OC, Lett RR. Hospital-based trauma registries in Uganda. The Journal of Trauma, 2000, 48:498—S02.

68. Hoff WS et al. The importance of the command-physician in trauma resuscitation. The Journal of Trauma, I997, 43:772—777.

69. Arreola-Risa C et al. Atención de pacientes politraumatizados en la nueva unidad de emergencias: una nueva era [Attention to multiply injured patients in the new emergency unit: a new era]. Cirujuno General, 2000, 22(4 (Suppl. I)):I0.

70. Driscoll PA, Vincent CA. Organizing an efficient trauma team. Injury, I992, 23: I07—II0.

71. Vernon DD et al. Effect of a pediatric trauma response team on emergency department treatment time and mortality of pediatric trauma victims. Pediatrics, I999, I03:20—24.

72. Sakellariou A, McDonald P, Lane R. The trauma team concept and its implementation in a district general hospital. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, I99S, 77:4S—S2.

73. Sugrue M et al. A prospective study of the performance of the trauma team leader. The Journal of Trauma, I99S, 38:79—82.

74. Nwadiaro HC,Yiltok SJ, Kidmas AT. Immediate mass casualty management in Jose University Teaching Hospital: a successful trial of Jos protocol. West African Journal of Medicine, 2000, I9:230—234.

75. Ndiaye A et al. Mortalité par accident de la voie publique au centre de traumatologie et d'orthopédie de Grand-Yoff. Bilan de deux années. A propos de IS6 décès [Mortality caused by traffic accidents at the Traumatology and Orthopedics Center of Grand-Yoff. A 2-year study. Apropos of IS6 cases]. Médecine Tropicale, I993, S3:487—49I.

76. Ozguc H et al. Outcome of major trauma in a Turkish university hospital: did integrated approach make a difference? European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2000, 7:183-188.

77. Mitchell F,Thal E,Wolferth C.American College of Surgeons Verification/Consultation Program: analysis of unsuccessful verification reviews. The Journal ofTrauma, 1994, 37:557-564.

78. Mitchell F, Thal E, Wolferth C. Analysis of American College of Surgeons trauma consultation program. Archives of Surgery, 1995, 130:578-584.

79. Ehrlich P et al. American College of Surgeons, Committee on Trauma Verification Review: does it really make a difference? The Journal of Trauma, 2002, 53:811-816.

80. Mock C et al. Improvements in prehospital trauma care in an African country with no formal emergency medical services. The Journal of Trauma, 2002, 53:90-97.

81. Forjuoh S et al. Transport of the injured to hospitals in Ghana: the need to strengthen the practice of trauma care. Pre-hospital Immediate Care, 1999, 3:66-70.

ANNEX 1

0 0

Post a comment