Management of shock see also section

Skills:

• knowledge of different baseline vital signs by age

• knowledge of varying physiological responses to blood loss and varying manifestations of shock in children of different ages

• knowledge of paediatric doses for fluids, both for baseline requirements and for treatment of shock

• knowledge of paediatric doses for blood transfusion for treatment of haem-orrhagic shock

• skills in the insertion of paediatric intravenous cannulas, in peripheral cutdown access and in insertion of intraosseous lines

Equipment in paediatric sizes:

• intravenous cannulas

• blood pressure cuff

• urinary catheters

• nasogastric tubes

• intraosseous needle or equivalent

• weighing scale Laboratory facilities:

• ability to perform laboratory tests on small samples of blood from paediatric patients

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