Brassica oleracea

D. Babula, M. Kaczmarek, P. A. Ziolkowski, J. Sadoski 227

8.1 Introduction 227

8.1.1 Brief History of the Crop 227

8.1.2 Botanical Description 228

8.1.3 Economic Importance 230

8.1.4 Breeding Objectives 232

8.1.5 Classical Mapping Efforts 232

8.1.6 Classical Breeding Achievements 233

8.2 Construction of Genetic Maps 234

8.2.1 First Generation Maps 234

8.2.2 Second Generation Maps 237

8.2.3 Comparative Maps 242

8.3 Gene Mapping 246

8.4 Brassica oleracea Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) 249

8.4.1 Resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae 249

8.4.2 Transformation and Plant Regeneration 250

8.4.3 Developmental Characteristics 264

8.5 Marker-Assisted Breeding 268

8.6 Map-Based Cloning 271

8.7 Advanced Works 273

8.7.1 Comparative Physical Mapping in the A. thaliana-B. oleracea System 273

8.7.2 New Genomics Tools Developed for B. oleracea Research 275

8.8 Future Scope of Works:

Comparative Assessment vis-a-vis Model Systems 277

References 278

9 Eggplant

9.1 Introduction 287

9.1.1 A Brief History of the Crop 287

9.1.2 Botanical Description 287

9.1.3 Economic Importance 288

9.1.4 Breeding Objectives 288

9.1.5 Classical Breeding Achievements 288

9.1.6 Classical Mapping Efforts 289

9.1.7 Limitations of Classical Endeavors and Utility of Molecular Mapping 289

9.2 Construction of Genetic Maps 290

9.2.1 A Brief History of Mapping in Eggplant 290

9.2.2 First Generation Maps 290

9.2.3 Comparative Maps 300

9.3 Gene and QTL Mapping 300

9.4 Marker-Assisted Breeding 309

9.5 Other Resources 310

9.6 Future Scope of Work 310

References 311

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