Abbreviations

AB

Advanced backcross

ABA

Abscisic acid

ACSOs

S-alk(en)yl cysteine sulfoxides

AB-QTL

Advanced backcross QTL

AFLP

Amplified fragment length polymorphism

AIS

Alcohol insoluble solids

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

AP1

APETALA1

ARS

Agriculture Research Service

ASPE

Allele-specific primer extension

atpB

ATP synthase B

BAC

Bacterial artificial chromosome

BC

Backcross

BC1

First backcross generation

BIL

Backcross inbred line

BLAST

Basic local alignment search tool

BNYVV

Beet necrotic yellow vein virus

BOCC

Core collection of the Brassica oleracea gene pool

BSA

Bulked segregant analysis

Bt

Bacillus thuringiensis

cab

chlorophyll a-b binding protein

CAL

CAULIFLOWER (gene)

CaMV

Cauliflower mosaic virus

CAPS

Cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence

CE

Capillary electrophoresis

CGP

Composite genome project

CHS

Chalcone synthase

CIM

Composite interval mapping

CMS

Cytoplasmic male-sterility

CMV

Cucumber mosaic virus

CO

CONSTANS (gene)

COD

Clade-oriented database

COS

Conserved ortholog set

DBM

Diamondback moths

dCAPS

Derived cleaved amplified polymorphisms

DFFS

Diversity fixed foundation sets

DH

Doubled haploid

Dm

Downy mildew (gene)

ds

Double stranded

DTB

Days-to-bolting

EMS

Ethyl-methane sulfonate

ENU

N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea

EST

Expressed sequence tag

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

FISH

Fluorescent in situ hybridization

FLC

Flowering Locus C (gene)

FR-D

Far-red to dark

FRI

FRIGIDA (gene)

FTICR

Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance

G:F

Glucose:fructose

GBSSI

Granule bound starch synthase I

GC

Gas chromatography

GFP

Green fluorescent protein

GISH

Genomic in situ hybridization

GME

GDP-mannose epimerase

GSL

Glucosinolates

GST

Genomic sequence tag

HCA

Hierarchical clustering analysis

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

HTG

High-temperature germination

IBL

Inbred backcross line

IL

Introgression line

ILH

Introgression line hybrid

IMA

Inter microsatellite amplification

indel

insertion/deletion

IRD

Infra-red fluorescent dye

ISH

In situ hybridization

ISSR

Inter-simple sequence repeat

ITC

Isothiocyanate

ITS

Internal transcribed spacer

LC

Liquid chromatography

LD

LUMINIDEPENDES (gene)

L-DOPA

L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine

LG

Linkage group

LOD

Logarithm of odds

LRR

Leucine-rich repeat

LTG

Low-temperature germination

LTR

Long terminal repeat

MABB

Marker-assisted backcross breeding

MAS

Marker-assisted selection

MBGP

Multinational Brassica Genome Project

MCSO

S-Methyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide

MDHAR

Monodehydroascorbate reductase

MF

Methyl filtrated

Mf

Male-fertility

MI

First metaphase

MIAME

Minimum information about a microarray experiment

MLB

Multiple lateral branching

mRNA

Messenger ribonucleic acid

MS

Male-sterility

MS

Mass spectrometry

My

Million years

Mya

Million years ago

NBR

Nucleotide binding region

NBS

Nucleotide binding site

NCBI

National Center for Biotechnology Information

Abbreviations XXVII

Ne

Effective population size

NIL

Near-isogenic line

ODO

Overdominant

ORF

Open reading frame

PCA

Principle component analysis

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PCSO

S-Propyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide

PDA

Photodiode array

PECSO

S-(1/2-Propenyl)-L-cysteine sulfoxide

PERL

Practical extraction and report language

PFGE

Pulse-field gel electrophoresis

PGD

6-Phosphogluconic dehydrogenase

PGI

Phosphoglucoseisomerase

PGM

Phosphoglucomutase

PMC

Pollen mother cell

PPR

Pentatricopeptide-repeat

PSSM

Position specific scoring matrix

PVMV

Pepper veinal mottle virus

QML

Quantitative metabolic loci

QR

Quinone reductase

QTL

Quantitative trait loci

QTN

Quantitative trait nucleotide

RAPD

Random(ly) amplified polymorphic DNA

rbcL

Ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase Large subunit

rbcS

Ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase Small subunit, Rubisco

rep-PCR

Repetitive-sequence-based-PCR

RFLP

Restriction fragment length polymorphism

RGA

Resistance gene analog

RIL

Recombinant inbred line

RNAi

RNA interference

RT-PCR

Reverse transcription PCR

SAGE

Serial analysis of gene expression

SBP

SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein

SC

Self-compatible

SCAR

Sequence characterized amplified region

SFP

Single feature polymorphism

SGN

Solanaceae Genomics Network

SI

Self-incompatibility

SI

Similarity index

SL

Substitution line

SLG

S-Locus-specific glycoprotein

SNP

Single nucleotide polymorphism

SRAP

Sequence-related amplified polymorphism

SS

Soluble solids

SSAP

Sequence-specific amplification polymorphism

SSC

Soluble solids content

SSCP

Single-strand conformation polymorphism

SSH

Suppressive subtractive hybridization

SSR

Simple-sequence repeat

SST-1

1-Fructosyltransferase

STS

Sequence tagged site

TILLING

Targeting induced local lesions in genomes

TIR

Toll and interleukin-1 receptor

TMRD

Tomato Mapping Resource Database

TMV

Tobacco mosaic virus

TOF

Time of flight

TSWV

Tomato spotted wilt virus

TuMV

Turnip mosaic virus

UPGMA

Unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

VIGS

Virus induced gene silencing

VNTR

Variable number tandem repeats

WAE

Weeks after emergence

WIS

Water insoluble solids

wt

Wild-type

WUE

Water-use efficiency

CHAPTER 1

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