Suggested Readings

1. Lewis W. Cardiomyopathy in AIDS: a pathophysiological perspective. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2000; 43:151-70.

2. Rerkpattanapipat P, Wongpraparut N, Jacobs LE, Kotler MN. Cardiac manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Intern Med. 2000; 160:602-8.

3. Milei J, Grana D, Fernandez Alonso G, Matturri L. Cardiac involvement in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome--a review to push action. The Committee for the Study of Cardiac Involvement in AIDS. Clin Cardiol. 1998; 21:465-72.

4. Yunis NA, Stone VE. Cardiac manifestations of HIV/AIDS: a review of disease spectrum and clinical management. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18:145-54.

5. Herskowitz A. Cardiomyopathy and other symptomatic heart diseases associated with HIV infection. Curr Opin Cardiol. 1996; 11:325-31.

6. Flomenbaum M, Soeiro R, Udem SA, Kress Y, Factor SM. Proliferative membranopathy and human immunodeficiency virus in AIDS hearts. J Acq Imm Def Synd. 1989; 2:129-35.

7. van Hoeven KH, Segal B, Factor SM. AIDS Cardiomyopathy: first rule out other myocardial risk factors. Int J Cardiol 1990; 67:780-3.

8. Factor SM, Menegus MA, Kress Y, Cho S, Fisher JD, Sakai LY, Goldfischer S. Microfibrillar cardiomyopathy: A new entity resembling cardiac amyloidosis. Cardiovasc Pathol 1992; 1:307-16.

Figure 25. Cross sections of the heart revealing marked concentric hypertrophy of the left ventricle. The right ventricle is also hypertrophied.
Figure 26. Myocytolysis. The empty spaces represent dead myocytes. Causative factors include localized reperfusion injury due to transient microvascular spasm
Figure 27. Microfibrillar cardiomyopathy. Loosely tangled, slightly curvilinear fibrils with a diameter of 15 - 20 nm are present in the interstitium between two myocytes
Figure 28. Malnutrition and cachexia. Notice the absence of epicardial adipose tissue.

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