Suggested Readings

1. Chambers J. The clinical and diagnostic features of mitral valve disease. HospMed. 2001; 62:72-8.

2. Carabello BA. The pathophysiology of mitral regurgitation. J Heart Valve Dis. 2000; 9:600-8.

3. Kronick-Mest C. Postpericardiotomy syndrome: etiology, manifestations, and interventions. Heart Lung. 1989; 18:192-8

4. Engle MA. Humoral immunity and heart disease: postpericardiotomy syndrome. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1983; 161:471-8

Figure 35. Mitral valve prolapse. The mitral valve has redundant leaflets and the chordae tendineae are long and mildly thickened.
Figure 36. Mitral valve prolapse, histologic section. Fibromyxomatous degeneration of the mitral valve is characterized by loose connective tissue and deposition of myxoid material (Hematoxylin and Eosin, 40X)
Figure 37. Mitral valve annular calcification. There is a diffuse ring of calcium with grumous degeneration involving the annulus and extending into the myocardium (arrows).
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