The microbial spoilage of cosmetics has been reported in the literature for many years [1-3]. One of the first reported incidents  is the death by tetanus of four babies in New Zealand in 1946, the vector being a contaminated talcum powder. The same vector was the source of two other cases of tetanus in an English hospital . Since the 1960s, cases of cosmetic-induced infections were described in parallel with the awareness of the problem for topical drugs [6-12]. The isolated organisms were Gram-negative bacteria from the genus Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, and Pseudomonas [13,14]. The organism Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a particularly virulent hospital pathogen transmitted by eye cosmetics, led to cases of infections and even blindness [15-20], or folliculitis from sponges . Studies were then conducted to evaluate the importance of the problem  and to investigate the primary contaminating sources such as raw materials, personnel, water, and packaging, as well as secondary sources, such as the consumer .
Was this article helpful?