The Clinical Significance Of Treatment Outcome

The argument has long been put forward that rejection of a null hypothesis in a statistical test, such as an analysis of variance, does not provide sufficient evidence that the treatment is of benefit to the subjects. Therefore, additional criteria (Jacobson, Folette & Ravensdorff, 1984; Jacobson & Truax, 1991; Kazdin, 1999) have been proposed to test the clinical significance, to the subjects, of the outcome of such treatment.

After treatment, the subjects, according to the outcome measures, should fall within the range found in the non-dysfunctional population and outside the range for pathological subjects. Statistical guidelines are provided (Jacobson, Folette & Ravensdorff, 1984; Jacobson & Truax, 1991). Other criteria include impairment of daily functioning and 'quality of life', an overlapping construct for which there is a plethora of measures for the effects of serious mental illness (Gladis, Gosch & Dishuk, 1999; Holloway & Carson, 2002). These have received little attention in the treatment of specific fears (Gladis et al., 1999; Mogotsi, Kamineer & Stein, 2000).

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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