David A Winter

University of Hertfordshire and Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health NHS Trust, UK

The two broad approaches to psychotherapy that will be described in this chapter essentially arose in the middle of the twentieth century out of dissatisfaction with the reductionist, deterministic, and mechanistic assumptions evident in traditional psychodynamic and behavioural approaches and the need to develop a 'third force' (Bugental, 1964) in psychology. In contrast to such assumptions, constructivist and humanistic approaches share a holistic view of the person, consider the person to be self-directed and to make active choices and are concerned with the personal meaning of the individual's situation. However, there are also certain differences between these two approaches, each of which will now be considered separately.

Exploring EFT

Exploring EFT

EFT stands for Emotional Freedom Technique. It works to free the user of both physical and emotional pain and relieve chronic conditions by healing the physical responses our bodies make after we've been hurt or experienced pain. While some people do not carry the effects of these experiences, others have bodies that hold onto these memories, which affect the way the body works. Because it is a free and fast technique, even if you are not one hundred percent committed to whether it works or not, it is still worth giving it a shot and seeing if there is any improvement.

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