Cognitive Therapy in Health Psychology Settings

A cognitive model of stress examines the role of beliefs in illness and proposes that aperson's beliefs about illness determine both emotional reactions to illness/health and to health behaviours (Beck, 1984; Pretzer, Beck & Newman, 1989). This formed the basis for forms of cognitive therapy for a range of problems in health psychology and behavioural medicine, including pain, HIV/AIDS, cancer, heart disease and health-related behaviours like exercise and smoking. For example, a link has been established between anger and hostility and coronary heart disease (Emmelkamp, & Van Oppen, 1993). Cognitive therapy to reduce anger and hostility therefore suggests a way of reducing the rates of heart disease. R. Beck and Fernandez (1998) analysed 50 studies, over two decades, incorporating 1 640 angry subjects treated with cognitive therapy. Using meta-analysis, it was found that cognitive therapy had a mean-effect size of 0.70, which indicated that the average individual treated with cognitive therapy had a better outcome than 76 % of untreated subjects in terms of anger reduction.

Positive Thinking As The Key To Success

Positive Thinking As The Key To Success

Download this Guide and Discover How To Find And Monetize on Your Expertise And Strengths. Inside this special report, you'll discover: How positive thinking is one of the key factors in a successful life. Five ways and tools to help you stay positive. Use these to help you keep on track. Case studies that'll inspire you to stick to your dreams. Plus much, much more.

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