Info

Female reproductive system external genitalia, 116-117 ovaries, 112, 114 uterine tubes, 112-113, 114 uterus, 113-115, 114 vagina, 114, 115-116 Femoral artery, 148, 149, 162, 163 Femoral hernia, 59 Femoral neck fracture, 155, 156 Femoral nerve injury, 152, 1 53t Femoral triangle, 155 Femoral vein, 155, 162, i 63 Fibula, 162, 163 Filum terminale, 13 Flexible sigmoidoscopy, 84 Flexor carpi radialis, 147 Flexor carpi ulnaris, 147 Flexor digitorum longus, 162, 163 Flexor digitorum profundus, 147 Flexor digitorum superficialis, 147 Flexor hallucis longus, 162, J 63 Flexor pollicis longus, 147 Foramen lacerum, 178—179 Foramen magnum anatomy of, 178-179 herniation of, 177 Foramen ovale, 178—179 Foramen rotundum, 178—179 Foramen spinosum, 1/8—179 Forearm, 146

Foreign object aspiration, 36 Fornix, 115 Fourth ventricle, 6

Gallbladder, 71-72, 78-79, 83 Gallstones, 72-73 Gamekeeper thumb, 145, 146 Gardner syndrome, 86 Gartner duct, 115 Gastric ulcers, 69 Genitofemoral nerve, 126 Glenohumeral joint, 140, 141 Gluteus maximums, 162, 163 Gluteus medius limp, 154 Gracilis, 162, 163 Gray communicating rami, 16 Gray matter, 13 Greater omentum, 62 Greater peritoneal sac, 61 Greater sciatic foramen, 124 Greater trochanter, 156 Great radicular artery, 15

Great saphenous vein, 151, 162, 163 Great vein of Galen, 168

Hamate, 145 Hand, 144-146 Hangman fracture, 5, 12 Hartmann pouch, 71 Haustra, 82 Head and neck arterial supply, 164-168 cervical triangles of, 169, 172, 172 foramina, ¿78-/79 larynx, 172-174, 173 parathyroid glands, 175 parotid gland, 176 skull, 176-177 thyroid gland, 175 venous drainage of, 168-169 Heart auscultation sites, 48 blood supply, 46. 47t borders of, 45, 45-46 chambers of, 55 conduction system of, 48-49 congenital malformations of, 49-50 cross-sectional anatomy of, 52, 53—55 disorders of, 49-52 ischemic disease of, 50 neural regulation of, 49 pericardium, 44 surfaces of, 45 valves of, 48, 48 venous drainage, 47 Hemianesthesia, contralateral, 166 Hemianhydrosis, 39, 135 Hemiazygos vein, 54-55, 65 Hemivertebrae, 3 Hemorrhoids, 88 Hepatic portal system, 66 Hepatoduodenal ampulla, 72 Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer description of, 112 gene for, 86 Hereditary spherocytosis, 92 Hernia, 56, 58, 59, 67 Herniated disk, 3-4, 4t Hiatal hernia, 67 Hip joint, 155-157, 156 Hirschsprung disease, 84, 88-89 Hollenhorst cholesterol plaques, 164 Homer-Wright pseudorosettes, 111 Horner syndrome, 16, 39, 135, 169 Horseshoe kidney, 96, 104 Houston valves, 86 Howell-Jolly bodies, 91 (3-Human chorionic gonadotropin, 112 Humeroradial joint, 142 Humeroulnar joint, 142 Humerus, 147 dislocation of, 140 supracondylar fracture of 143, 144 Hydrocele, 58, 118 11-Hydroxylase deficiency, 109, 109t

21-Hydroxylase deficiency, IDQt, 109-110 Hyoid bone, 173

Hyperaldosteronism, primary, 108-109, 109t

Hyperflexion injury, 157 Hyperparathyroidism, primary, 175 Hypersplenism, 92 Hypoglossal canal, 178-179 Hypoglossal nerve, 164-165 Hypospadias, 122 Hypothalamospinal tract, 16

Ileum, 70t Iliac crest, 7

Iliofemoral ligament, 155 Iliohypogastric nerve, 58 Ilioinguinal nerve, 58, 126 Iliopectineal line, 126 Immune thrombocytopenic purpura. 92 Incontinence, urinary, 102 Infective endocarditis, 52 Inferior alveolar artery, 164-165 Inferior gluteal nerve injury, 153t, 154 Inferior mesenteric artery, 63 Inferior mesenteric vein, 66 Inferior oblique, 182-183 Inferior rectus, 182-183 Inferior sagittal sinus, 168 Inferior thyroid artery, 164-165 Inferior ulnar collateral artery, 134 Inferior vena cava, 65, 76-79 Infraspinatus, 53 Infraspinous muscle, 140 Inguinal canal, 56 Inguinal hernia, 59 Inguinal ligament, 56 Interarytenoid notch, 173 Intercostal nerve block, 29, 29 Interlobular arteries, 95, 96 Internal acoustic meatus, 1/8-1/9 Internal anal sphincter, 88 Internal carotid artery, 164-165, 164-165

Internal jugular vein anatomy of, 164-165 central venous catheter insertion in,

Internal thoracic artery, 54-55, 132, 133

Intervertebral disc, 6, 9 Intervertebral foramen, 1, 7 Inversion injury, 159 Ischial tuberosity, 156 Ischiofemoral ligament, 155

Jaundice, 73 Jefferson fracture, 5, 11 Jejunum, 70t, 78-8/ Jugular foramen, 178—179

Kartagener syndrome, 38 Ketoconazole, 109 Kidneys anatomy of, 94, 95

disorders of, 96-97, 104 features of, 94 horseshoe, 96, 104 ma I rotation of, 96, 104 Kidney stones, 97-99, 98 Klumpke injury, 135, 136 Knee, 157, 158 Kyphosis, 1

Labia majora, 116

Labia minora, 116

Lactiferous ducts, 23

Lactiferous sinus, 23

Large intestine, 82

Larynx, 172-174, 173

Lateral collateral ligament, 157, / 58

Lateral corticospinal tract, 16

Lateral cricoarytenoid muscle, 174

Lateral epicondylitis, 144

Lateral meniscus, 157

Lateral rectus, 182-183

Lateral spinothalamic pathway, 16

Latissimus dorsi, 53-54, 76-79

Left atrium, 55

Left bundle, 48-49

Left gastroepiploic artery, 90

Left gastroepiploic vein, 90

Left gonadal vein, 65

Left ventricle, 55

Legg-Perthes disease, 155-157, 156

Lenticulostriate arteries, 166, 166-167

Lesser omentum, 61-62

Lesser peritoneal sac, 61

Lesser saphenous vein, 151

Lesser sciatic foramen, 124

Levator ani muscles, 126

Levator palpebrae, 182-183

Ligament of Berry, 175

Ligament of Treitz, 78-79

Ligamentum flavum, 9

Ligamentum nuchae, 6

Ligamentum teres, 148, 155

Linea alba, 76-77

Linea terminalis, 126

Lingual artery, 164-165

Lisfranc joint, 159, 162

Lobar bronchi, 35-36

Lobar pneumonia, 42

Long thoracic nerve, 137

Lordosis, 1

Lou Gehrig disease (see Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) Lower esophageal sphincter, 67 Lower limb ankle, 159-162, 160-161 arterial supply, 148-151 hip, 155-157, 156 knee, 157, 158

lumbosacral plexus, 151-152 152 nerve lesions of, 152-155, 153t thigh, 162, 163 venous drainage, 151

Lumbar artery, 9

Lumbar epidural anesthesia, 19, 22 Lumbar puncture, 19, 20 Lumbar region median sagittal magnetic resonance imaging of, 7 oblique radiograph of, 8 Lumbar vein, 9

Lumbosacral plexus, 151-152, 152 Lumpectomy, 26 Lunate, 145 Lungs anatomy of, 41-42 disorders of, 42-4.3 lobes of, 41-42 Lymph node biopsy, 28

Male reproductive system ductus deferens, 119, 120 epididymis, 119, 120 external genitalia, 122 prostate gland, 121-122 seminal vesicle, 119, 120-121 spermatic cord, 119, 120 testes, 118-120, 119 Mallory-Weiss tears, 67 Mandible, 6 Manubrium, 53 Mastectomy, 26 Maxillary artery, 164-167 Medial collateral ligament, 157, 158 Medial epicondylitis, 144 Medial femoral condyle, 158 Medial malleolus, 159 Medial meniscus, 157 Medial rectus, 182-183 Medial tibial condyle, 158 Median nerve, 137-138 Mediastinal pleura, 34 Mediastinum, 30, 31 Medulla oblongata, 6 Meninges, 13, 14 Meningioma, 19, 20-21 Mesencephalon, 6 Mesosalpinx, 112 Mesothelioma, 35 Metacarpals, 145

Metacarpophalangeal joint, 144, 145 Metastatic tumors, 19 Methylprednisolone, 18 Micturition reflex, 103 Middle cerebral artery, 166, 166-167 Middle collateral artery, 134 Middle cranial fossa, 178-179 Middle mediastinum, 30, 31 Middle meningeal artery, 164-167, 165

Miliary tuberculosis, 42 Miosis, 39, 135 Mirizzi syndrome, 73 Mitral valve, 48, 48, 55 Multidrug resistant gene, 96 Multiple endocrine neoplasia, 110 Musculocutaneous nerve, 147

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, 42 Myocardial infarction, acute, 50, 50-51

Neck (see Head and neck) Neuroblastoma, 111 Neurofibroma, 19 Neurofibromatosis type 2, 19 Neurogenic bladder, 102 Nipple discharge, 25 Nipple secretion, 25 Nucleus pulposus, 3-4 Nursemaid elbow, 142

Oat cell carcinoma, 39 Obturator artery, 148, 149 Obturator foramen, 156 Obturator nerve anatomy of, 162, 163 injury of, 152, 153t Obtuse marginal artery, 46 Occipital artery, 164-167 Occipital sinus, 168 Occipital triangle, 169, 172 Ogilvie syndrome, 71 Omental foramen, 61 Omentum, 61-62, 62 Open pneumothorax, 35 Ophthalmic artery, 166, 166-167 Opsoclonus, 111 Optic canal, 178-179 Orbicularis oculi, 182-183 Organ of Zuckerkandl, 110 Osteomyelitis, 3 Ovarian cancer, 112 Ovarian cysts, 112 Ovaries, 112, 1/4 Overflow incontinence, 102

Palmaris longus, 147 Pancoast syndrome, 39 Pancreas anatomy of, 75, 78-81 cancer of, 75 Pancreatitis, 75 Paracentesis, 56, 57 Paraplegia, 18 Parathyroid glands, 175 Parietal pleura, 34 Parotid gland, 176 Patellar ligament, 157 Patent ductus arteriosus, 49-50 Pectinate line, 88 Pelvic diaphragm, 126 Pelvic relaxation, 126-127 Pelvis bony, 124 female, 128

greater sciatic foramen, 124 imaging of, 85, 128 inlet, 124-126, 125 lateral view of, 125 lesser sciatic foramen, 124 outlet, 126 Penis, 120, 122

Percutaneous arterial catheterization, 134

Pericardial fat, 55 Pericardiocentesis, 44 Pericardiophrenic artery, 44 Pericardium, 44 Perineal space, 129, 1311 Perineum, 129-131 Peritoneal cavity-anatomy of, 61, 62 viscera of, 62t Peroneal artery, 162, 163 Peroneal vein, 162, 163 Peroneus brevis, 162, 163 Peroneus longus. 162, 163 Phalanx, 145 Phenoxybenzamine, 110 Phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase, 108

Pheochromocytoma, 110 Phrenic nerve, 44 Pia mater, 14 Piriformis muscle, 155 Pisiform, ¡45 Pituitary adenoma, 25 Plantar arch, 150 Platysma muscle, 169 Pleura definition of, 34 disorders of, 34-35 parietal, 34 recesses, 34 visceral, 34 Pleuritis, 34-35 Pneumothorax, 35 Poliomyelitis, 16 Polycystic kidney disease, 96 Pons, 6

Popliteal artery, 149, 149-150

Portal hypertension, 66

Portal system, 66

Portal triad, 76-77

Portal vein, 66, 76-77

Posterior cerebral artery, 166-167, 168

Posterior chest wall, 29, 30

Posterior communicating artery, 166,

166-/67

Posterior cranial fossa, 178-179 Posterior cricoarytenoid ligament, 173 Posterior cricoarytenoid muscle, 174 Posterior cruciate ligament, 157, 158 Posterior drawer sign, 157 Posterior femoral cutaneous nerve, 126 Posterior marginal artery, 46 Posterior mediastinum, 30, 31 Posterior spinal artery, 15 Posterior tibial artery, 150, 162, 163 Posterior tibial vein, 162, 163 Pott fracture, 161, 162 Primary hyperaldosteronism, 108-109, 109t

Primary sclerosing cholangitis, 74 Profunda femoris artery, 148-149, 149, 162, 163

Profunda femoris vein, 162, 163 Prolactinoma, 25 Prostate gland anatomy of, 121-122 cancer of, 121-122, 124 Proximal interphalangeal joint, 144, 145 Psoas major, 76-77 Ptosis, 39, 135

p53 tumor suppressor gene, 112 Pubocervical ligament, 113, 126 Pubofemoral ligament, 155 Pudendal nerve anesthetic block of, 127, 127 description of, 124 Pulmonary embolism, 43 Pulmonary infarction, 43 Pulmonary valve, 48, 48 Pyelonephritis, 96 Pyloric stenosis, 69 Pyramids of Malpighi, 94

Quadratus lumborum, 76-77 Quadriplegia, 18

Radial artery, 147 Radial collateral artery, 134 Radial nerve, 137, 147 Radicular arteries, 15 Radioulnar joint, 142 Radius, 145

Raynaud phenomenon, 169 Rectal prolapse, 86 Rectocele, 116, 126 Rectum, 85, 86 Rectus abdominis, 78-81 Rectus femoris, 162, 163 Recurrent laryngeal nerve, 174 Reflux nephropathy, 96 Renal artery, 94, 96 Renal calculi, 97-99, 98, 106-107 Renal cell carcinoma, 96, 105 Renal vein, 78-79 Reproductive system (see Female reproductive system; Male reproductive system) Retromammary space, 23, 24 Rheumatic heart disease, 52 Rhomboideus, 53 Rib fracture, 29, 30 Rib notching, 26 Right atrium, 55 Right bundle, 48

Right coronary artery, 46, 47t, 55 Right gonadal vein, 65 Right ventricle, 55 Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses, 71 Rotator cuff, 140, 141 Round ligament of the uterus, 113-115, 114

Sacral canal, 9 Sacrospinous ligament, 124 Sacrotuberous ligament, 124 Sacrum, 124

Salpingitis, 112-113 Saphenous nerve, 162, 163 Sartorius, 162, 163 Scalene lymph node biopsy, 28 Scaphoid fracture, 145. 146 Schwannomas, 19, 20-21 Sciatic nerve, 162, 163 Scoliosis, 1 Scrotum, 58, 60 Segmental bronchi, 35 Semilunar folds, 82 Semimembranosus, 162, 163 Seminal vesicle, 119, 120-121 Seminoma, 118 Semitendinosus, 162, 163 Sepsis, 91-92 Shenton line, 156 Shoulder region, 140-142, 141 Shunting, 49 Sickle cell anemia, 3 Sigmoid colon, 82, 84, 85 Sigmoid sinus, 168 Sinoatrial nodal artery, 46 Sinoatrial node, 48 Skull, 176-177 Small cell carcinoma, 39 Small intestine, 70t Soleus, 162, 163 Spermatic cord, 119, 120 Sphincter of Oddi, 72 Sphincter pupillae, 182-183 Spina bifida occulta, 3 Spinal anesthesia, 19 Spinal cord components of, 13,14 gray matter of, 13 imaging of, 9 injury of, 18 lesions of, 16-18 tracts of, 16 tumors of, 18-19 vascular supply of, 14-15 white matter of, 13 Spinal nerves, 15-16 Spinocerebellar tracts, 16 Spiral valve, 72 Spleen anatomy of, 90, 91 functions of, 90 radiology of, 76-77, 93 Splenectomy, 90-91 Splenic artery, 90 Splenic vein, 90 Spondylolisthesis, 3 Spondylolysis, 3 Spondylosis, 3

Spontaneous pneumothorax, 35 Squamous cell carcinoma, 38-39 Stellate ganglion nerve block, 169 Stomach anatomy of, 68-69, 78-82 cancer of, 69 Straight sinus, 168 Stress incontinence, 102

Subacromial bursa, 140 Subarachnoid hemorrhage, 170-171 Subarachnoid space, 6, 9, 13, 76-77 Subclavian artery, 53, 132, 133 Subclavian vein, 26, 27 Subdural hemorrhage, 170-171 Subdural space, 13 Subscapular muscle, 53. 140 Subtalar joint, 159 Superficial inguinal ring, 56 Superficial palmar arch, 132, 133 Superficial perineal space, 129, 131t Superficial peroneal nerve, 162, 163 Superior articular process, 7-8 Superior gluteal nerve injury, 153t, 154 Superior laryngeal nerve, 174 Superior mediastinum, 30. 31 Superior mesenteric artery, 63, 78-81 Superior mesenteric vein, 78-81 Superior oblique, 182-183 Superior orbital tissure, 178—179 Superior rectus, 182-183 Superior sagittal sinus, 168 Superior tarsal, 182-183 Superior temporal artery, 164-165 Superior thyroid artery, 164-165 Superior thyroid vein, 164—165 Superior ulnar collateral artery, 134 Superior vena cava, 54 Supracondylar fracture, 143, 144 Suprascapular artery, 132, 133 Supraspinous ligament, 9 Supraspinous muscle, 140 Suspensory ligaments anatomy of, 23, 24 of ovary, 112, 114 Syringomyelia, 18

Tabes dorsalis, 17

Talocrural joint (see Ankle joint)

Tamoxifen, 25

Tarsometatarsal joint, 159

Teardrop fracture, 5, 10

Tension pneumothorax, 35, 36

Tentorium cerebelli, 176

Teres minor muscle, 140

Terrible triad of O'Donoghue, 157, 158

Testes, 118-120, 119

Testicular arteries, 118

Testicular lymphoma, 118

Testicular teratocarcinoma, 118

Testicular vein, 118

Tetralogy of Fallot, 49

Thigh, 162, 163

Thoracic aorta, 55

Thoracic cage, 32

Thoracic outlet syndrome, 28

Thoracolumbar column fracture, 5

Thoracostomy, tube, 28-29, 29

Thorax, 33, 45

Thrombophlebitis. 168-169

Thyroarytenoid muscle, 174

Thyrocervical trunk, 132

Thyroglossal duct cyst, 175

Thyroid cartilage, 6, 173 Thyroidectomy, 175 Thyroid gland, 175 Tibialis anterior, 162, 163 Tibialis posterior, 162, 163 Tibial nerve anatomy of, 162, 163 description of, 151 injury i>f, 153t, 154-155 Toxic megacolon, 71 Trachea, 53

Tracheal compression, 36 Tracheobronchial tree, 35-36, 37 Tracheotomy, 174 Transtentorial herniation, 177 Transverse cervical artery, 132, 133 Transverse cervical ligament, 113 Transverse colon, 82 Transverse sinus, 44, 168 Transverse tarsal joint, 159 Trapezius, 53 Tricuspid valve, 48, 48 Trochanteric anastomosis, 150 Tuberculosis, 40, 42 Tube thoracostomy, 28-29, 29 Tunica vaginalis, 118 Turcot syndrome, 86

Ulcerative colitis, 86, 88-89 Ulna, 145

Ulnar nerve, 139-140, 147 Upper esophageal sphincter, 67 Upper limb arterial supply, 132-134, 133

brachial plexus, 135, 136 collateral circulation, 134 elbow, 142-144, 143 forearm, 14 6 hand, 144-146 nerve injuries, 137-140 shoulder, 140-142, 141 wrist, 144-146 Ureteropelvic junction, 97 Ureters, 97-99, 104 Urethra, 102, 103 Urge incontinence, 102 Urinary bladder anatomy of, 99, 100 disorders of, 99-102 incontinence, 102 surfaces of, 99, 100 urine leakage, 101-102 Urinary system bladder (see Urinary bladder) kidneys (see Kidneys) ureters, 97-99 Uterine fibrinoid, 115, 117 Uterine tubes, 112-113, 114 Uterosacral ligament, 113, 126 Uterus anatomy of, 113-115, 114 prolapse of, 126

Vagina, 114. 115-116 Vagus nerve, 164-165 Varicocele, 118, 120 Varicose veins, 151 Vasectomy, 58, 120

Vastus intermedins, 162, 163 Vastus lateralis, 162, 163 Vastus medialis, 162, 163 Ventral median fissure, 13 Ventral primary ramus, 16 Ventricular septal defect, 49 Vertebral artery, 164-167, 168 Vertebral canal, 1 Vertebral column curves of, 1 disorders of. 1-5 joints of, 1 levels of, 1, 2t stability of, 3 Vestibular fold, 173 Vitamin B,, neuropathy, 18 Vocal fold, ~173

Volkmann ischemic contracture, 146 von Hippel-Lindau disease, 96 von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis, 110

Werdnig Hoffmann disease, 16 Whipple procedure, 75 White communicating rami, 16 White matter, 13

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, 52 Wrist, 144-146

Yolk sac tumor, 118

Zona fasciculata, 108 Zona glomerulosa, 108 Zygapophyseal joints, 2-3, 8

Was this article helpful?

0 0
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment