Defining Applied Developmental Science

Over the last two decades increasing numbers of developmental psychologists have identified themselves professionally as applied developmental scientists. Joining them under this umbrella are colleagues from allied disciplines and specialties in the biological, social, and behavioral sciences and the helping professions, all sharing common goals and visions captured in some of the more formal definitions of the ADS fields. Certainly an early milestone in the staking out of the field's territory...

References

Infancy in Uganda Infant care and the growth of love. Baltimore Johns Hopkins University Press. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment. Hillsdale, NJ Erlbaum. Baldwin, D. A., & Moses, L. J. (1996). The ontogeny of social information-processing. Child Development, 67, 1915-1939. Barr, R. G., Bakeman, M., Konner, M., & Adamson, L. (1987). Crying in Kung infants Distress signals in a responsive context....

Info

Infants' looking at possible and impossible screen rotations The role of familiarization. Infancy, 1, 389-402. Shinskey, J. L., Bogartz, R. S., & Poirer, C. R. (2000). The effects of graded occlusion on manual search and visual attention in 5- to 8-month-old infants. Infancy, 1, 323-346. Shultz, T. R., & Bale, A. C. (2001). Neural network simulation of infant familiarization to artificial sentences Rule-like behavior without explicit rules and variables. Infancy,...

The Psychobiology Of Stress

Like the terms motivation and emotion, periodically there are calls to strike stress from the scientific lexicon e.g., Engle, 1985 . Stress variously refers to objective events stressors , subjective psychological states being stressed , and physiological responses e.g., increases in cortisol . Following Selye 1975 , in this chapter we refer to the events that precipitate stress reactions as stressors and the responses to those events as stress reactions. Events...

Infant Visual Preference

Two seminal studies, conducted independently on essentially the same topic, both published in 1958, radically reduced the potential complexity of the experimental method and led to a dramatic change in the nature of research on infant perception and cognition. Berlyne 1958 measured the visual fixations of 3- to 9-month-old infants. On each trial, two black and white checkerboard patterns that differed in brightness or complexity were placed on a display board in front of each infant. An...

Developmental Aspects of Attachments

Except in highly unusual conditions of neglect or abuse, virtually all infants develop close emotional ties to those who care for them. These initial attachments are as biologically basic as learning to crawl and talk because they have been crucial to the protection, nurturance, and development of infants throughout human evolution Gould, 1977 Tobach amp Schnierla, 1968 . Bowlby 1969 1982 placed special emphasis on the role of distress-relief sequences as key interactions for the development of...