Word

Acrocyanosis • Blue or purple mottled discoloration of the fingers, toes, and/or nose

Angina pectoris • Oppressive pain or pressure in the chest

Chemotherapy • Drug therapy used to treat infections, cancers, and other diseases

Dyspnea • Shortness of breath

Hepatosplenomegaly • Enlargement of liver and spleen

Hypoxia • Decreased oxygen

Myelotoxic • Chemicals that destroy white cells

Palpitation • Sensation of rapid or irregular beating of the heart

Postural hypotension • Change in blood pressure from sitting to standing

RES system • Reticuloendothelial system, the mononu-clear phagocytic system

Syncope • Fainting

Tachycardia • Fast and hard heartbeat

References

1. Wallace MS. Hematopoietic theory In: Rodak B, ed. Hematology: Clinical Procedure and Applications, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 2002; 73.

2. Tablin F, Chamberlain JK, Weiss L. The microanatomy of the mammalian spleen. In: Bowdler AJ, eds. The Complete Spleen: Structure, Function and Clinical Disorder, 2nd ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2002; 18-20.

3. Dailey MO. The immune function of the spleen. In: Bowdler AF, ed. The Complete Spleen: Structure, Function and Clinical Disorders, 2nd ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2001; 54-56.

4. Singer SJ, Nicholson L. The fluid mosaic of the structure of cell membranes. Annu Rev Biochem 43:805, 1974.

5. Eshan A. Bone marrow. In: Harmening D. Clinical Hematology and Fundamentals of Hemostasis, 4th ed. Philadelphia: FA Davis, 2002.

6. Crosby WH, Akeroyd JH. The limit of hemoglobin synthesis in hereditary hemolytic anemia. Am J Med 13:273-283, 1952.

7. Herzog EL, Chai L, Krause DS. Plasticity of marrow derived stem cells. Blood 102:3483-3493, 2003.

8. Roath S, Laver J, Lawman JP, et al. Biologic control mechanism. In: Gross S, Roath S, eds. Hematology: A Problem-Oriented Approach. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1996; 7.

9. Bell A. Morphology of human blood and marrow cells. In: Harmening D, ed. Clinical Hematology and Fundamentals of Hemostasis, 4th ed. Philadelphia: FA Davis, 2002;30-32.

10. Lappin TRJ, Rich IN. Erythropoietin: The first 90 years. Clin Lab Hematol 18:137, 1996.

11. Jamshidi K, Swaim WR. Bone marrow biopsy with unaltered architecture: A new biopsy device. J Lab Clin Med 77:335, 1971.

12. Krause J. Bone marrow overview. In: Rodak B, ed. Hematology: Clinical Procedures and Applications, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 2002; 188-195.

13. Lombarts AJPF, Leijsne B. Outdated blood and redundant buffy-coats as sources for the preparation of multiparameter controls for Coulter-type (resistive-particle) hemocytometry. Clin Chim Acta 143:7-15, 1984.

14. Savage RA, Hoffman GC. Clinical significance of osmotic matrix errors in automated hematology: The frequency of hyperglycemic osmotic matrix errors producing spurious macrocytosis. Am J Clin Pathol 80:861-865, 1983.

15. Pauler DK, Laird NM. Non-linear hierarchical models for monitoring compliance. Stat Med 21:219-229, 2002.

16. Adams-Graves P Approach to anemia. In: Ling F, Duff P, eds. Obstetrics and Gynecology: Principles for Practice. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.

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