Auer rods • Elliptical, spindle-like inclusions com posed of fused azurophilic granules that may be present in myeloblasts, monoblasts, or promyelocytes in the various AMLs
Cytochemistry • Special stains usually performed on bone marrow samples that are examined microscopically to identify enzymes, lipids, or other chemical constituents within the blast population of cells in acute leukemia
Dyspnea • Shortness of breath
Dysplasia • Abnormal maturation of cells in the bone marrow
Gingival hyperplasia • Swelling of the gingival tissues (gums); in leukemia, this is due to infiltration of the gum tissues with leukemic cells
Immunophenotyping • Process of using monoclonal antibodies directed against cell surface markers to identify antigens unique to the specific lineage and stage of maturation
Lineage • Referring to one specific cell line
Lymphoma • Neoplasm involving abnormal proliferation of cells arising in the lymph nodes; these tumor cells may also metastasize to involve extranodal sites
Meningeal leukemia • Leukemic cells proliferating in the central nervous system
Myelodysplasia • Abnormal maturation and/or differentiation of granulocytes, erythrocytes, monocytes, and platelets
Oncogene • Gene that is responsible for the development of cancer
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