Obtaining a bone marrow aspirate or biopsy is an invasive and potentially painful procedure, and for this reason, this procedure is carefully evaluated before proceeding. The technologist has multiple roles in the bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy procedure. Fundamentally, the technologist acts as an assistant to the pathologist/hematologist in the preparation of materials for the procedure. Next, the technologist informs the pathologist/hematologist if the sample is acceptable or unacceptable. This judgment of the technologist determines whether the procedure is repeated or completed.
There are few anemias for which a bone marrow procedure is necessary for diagnostic purposes. However, diagnosing white cell disorders such as leukemia or lymphoma relies on a baseline bone marrow evaluation.
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