Dapena, J., and Braff, T. 1985. A two-dimensional simulation method for the prediction of movements in pole vaulting. Biomechanics 9B:458-463.
Hubbard, M. 1980. Dynamics of the pole-vault. J. Biomech. 13:965-976.
Ekevad, M., and Lundberg, B. 1995. Simulation of smart pole vaulting. J. Biomech. 28:1079-1090.
McGinnis, P.M. 1983. The inverse dynamics problem in pole vaulting. Med. Sci. Sports Exercise 15:112-117.
Morlier, J., and Cid, M. 1996. Three-dimensional analysis of the angular momentum of a pole-vaulter. J. Biomech. 29:1085-1090.
Yeadon, M.R. 1993. The biomechanics of twisting somersaults. Part I: Rigid body motions. J. Sports Sci. 11:187-198.
Yeadon, M.R. 1993. The biomechanics of twisting somersaults. Part II: Contact twist. J. Sports Sci. 11:199-208.
Yeadon, M.R. 1993. The biomechanics of twisting somersaults. Part III: Aerial twist. J. Sports Sci. 11:209-218.
Was this article helpful?
The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.