Journal Articles on Mechanics and Movements Gymnastics and Jumping

Bobbert, M.F., and van Ingen Schenau, G.J. 1988. Coordination in vertical jumping. J. Biomech. 21:249-262.

Bobbert, M.F., Huijing, P.A., and van Ingen Schenau, G.J. 1986. A model of the human triceps surae muscle-tendon complex applied to jumping. J. Biomech. 19:887-898.

Cheetham, P.J., Sreden, H.I., and Mizoguchi, H. 1987. The gymnast on the rings— a study of forces. SOMA X:30-35.

Hay, J.G., Miller, J.A., and Canterna, R.W. 1986. The techniques of elite male long jumpers. J. Biomech., 19:855-866.

McNitt-Gray, J.L., Yokoi, T., and Millward, C. 1994. Landing strategies used by gymnasts on different surfaces. J. Appl. Biomech. 10:237-252.

Pandy, M.G., and Zajac, F.E. 1991. Optimal muscle coordination strategies for jumping. J. Biomech. 24:1-19.

Pandy, M.G., Zajac, F.E., Sim, E., and Levine, W. 1990. An optimal control model for maximum-height human jumping. J. Biomech. 23:1185-1198.

van Ingen Schenau, G.J., and Cavanagh, P.R. 1990. Power equations in endurance sports, survey article. J. Biomech. 23:865-881.

Voigt, M., Simonsen, E.B., Dyhre-Poulsen, P., and Klausen, K. 1994. Mechanical and muscular factors influencing the performance in maximal vertical jumping after different prestretch loads. J. Biomech. 28:293-297.

Getting Started With Dumbbells

Getting Started With Dumbbells

The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.

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