Articulated Total-Body Model (ATB), Armstrong Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, 1994.
AUTOLEV3 by Online Dynamics, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA ([email protected]). Complete Visible Human, National Library of Medicine's Visual Human Project. MADYMO Model, TNO Road-Vehicle Institute, Department of Injury Prevention,
Software for Musculoskeletal Modelling (SIMM), Musculographics, Chicago, IL. Working Model 3D, Knowledge Revolution, San Francisco, CA.
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The use of dumbbells gives you a much more comprehensive strengthening effect because the workout engages your stabilizer muscles, in addition to the muscle you may be pin-pointing. Without all of the belts and artificial stabilizers of a machine, you also engage your core muscles, which are your body's natural stabilizers.