Rcg

Vaccine, 670, 676 cancer, 1000 edible, 670 Vagina, 37, 336, 337, 899, 904, 905-6, 908t, 913, 920 fibrous layer of, 906 HIV transport across lining of,

92, 93 mucosal layer of, 906 muscular layer of, 906 Vaginal orifice, 899, 906, 906, 958 Vaginal process, 883 Vaginal vein, 637 Vaginitis, 931 Vagotomy, 448

Vagus nerve (X), 429, 431, 432, 433t, 440, 444, 467, 597, 704, 706, 803, 1023 Valium, 384t, 387 Valvotomy, 639 van Leeuwenhoek, Anton, 888 Variable expressivity, 986 Varicocele, 931 Varicose veins, 608-9 Vasa recta, 830, 831, 840, 842 Vasa vasorum, 602 Vascular endothelial growth factor, 581 Vascular tunic, 483 Vas deferens, 34, 846, 881, 882,

883, 884, 890, 890, 896t Vasectomy, 892, 928t, 929-30, 930 Vasoconstriction, 182, 423, 440,

442, 445, 519, 602, 613, 617, 617, 619, 804, 835 Vasodilation, 182, 423, 440, 442,

512, 602, 613, 616, 616, 619, 660, 660t, 667, 834, 863 Vasomotor center, 423, 613, 616, 616 Vasomotor fiber, 602 Vasospasm, 563, 564t Vastus intermedius muscle, 36,

339, 342, 343, 343t Vastus lateralis muscle, 34, 35, 36, 319, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 343t, 345, 360, 1013, 1018, 1019 Vastus medialis muscle, 34, 35, 319, 339, 342, 343, 343t, 360, 1018

Vegan, 739t

Vegetarian, 738, 739t, 762 Veins, 602, 607, 610, 610t. See also specific veins age-related changes in, 637-39 blood flow in, 616-18, 616 structure of, 607 valves of, 607, 607, 616, 616 walls of, 603, 607, 610t Venipuncture, 633 Venoconstriction, 607, 618-19 Venography, 639 Venous return, 619 Venous sinus, 632 Venous system, 632-37, 638 Ventilation. See also Breathing alveolar, 798, 802, 813 mechanical, 801 Ventral cavity, 10, 13 Ventral respiratory group, 800, 802 Ventral root, 397, 403, 432, 436, 441, 442

Shier-Butler-Lewis: I Back Matter I Index I I © The McGraw-Hill

Human Anatomy and Companies, 2001

Physiology, Ninth Edition

Ventricles of brain, 372, 397-400, 412, 412 first, 397

fourth, 398, 398, 399, 421 lateral, 397, 398, 1007, 1010 second, 397

third, 397, 398, 399, 421, 513, 514, 1010 Ventricles of heart, 584

left, 15, 35, 583, 585, 586, 588, 588, 589, 590, 592, 962, 963,

1012, 1022

failure of, 622 right, 15, 35, 583, 585, 586, 588, 588, 589, 590, 592, 962, 963, 1008, 1012, 1022 Ventricular diastole, 591, 592, 608 Ventricular fibrillation, 600, 600 Ventricular syncytium, 595, 596 Ventricular systole, 591, 592, 608 Venules, 602, 604, 607, 610, 610t Vermiform appendix, 34, 35, 717,

723, 724 Vermis, 424 Vernix caseosa, 955 Vertebrae, 15, 16, 197, 225-27, 273, 274, 441, 710 cervical, 226, 227, 229,

230t, 410 fracture of, 227, 247, 410 lumbar, 225, 227, 229, 230t thoracic, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230t, 232, 233 Vertebral arch, 227 Vertebral artery, 623, 626, 627,

631, 1011 Vertebral body, 226-2 7, 228,

1012, 1013 Vertebral canal, 11, 13, 225, 396 Vertebral column, 211, 211t, 212, 225-31, 226, 228, 229, 230, 230t, 358, 1006 curvatures of, 225-26, 226, 231 disorders of, 231 muscles that move, 322-23, 323, 324t Vertebral foramen, 227, 228, 229 Vertebral region, 24, 25 Vertebral vein, 632 Vertebra prominens, 226, 227 Vertebrocostal joint, 281t Vertex position, 955 Vertigo, 497

Very long chain fatty acids, 81 Very low-density lipoproteins,

562, 562t Vesical artery inferior, 628, 629 superior, 628, 629, 965, 966t Vesical vein, 637 Vesicles, 79-80, 85t Vesicle trafficking, 76, 80, 381 Vestibular bulb, 907 Vestibular glands, 907, 908t Vestibular membrane, 471, 472,

473, 475 Vestibule enclosed by labia minora, 906,

475, 478 of mouth, 691, 692

Vestibulocochlear nerve (VIII),

429, 431, 433t, 469, 474-75, 476, 478 cochlear branch of, 431,

433t, 474 vestibular branch of, 431, 433t, 475-76 Vetter, David, 669 Villi, intestinal, 690, 718, 718, 719 Virchow, Rudolph, 80 Viscera, 11

Visceral afferent fiber, 428 Visceral efferent fiber, 428, 438 Visceral pain, 458-60, 459 Visceral pericardium, 12, 15,

581, 583 Visceral peritoneum, 12, 16,

688, 710 Visceral pleura, 12, 15, 791, 792, 794-95

Visceral smooth muscle, 315 Visceroceptive senses, 45 7 Visible Human Project, 142 Vision, 478-95

age-related changes in, 496-97 binocular, 495 color, 492, 494-95 double, 483 information flow from environment through nervous system, 456t stereoscopic, 495, 495 Visual accessory organs, 478-83,

481, 482, 483 Visual area, of cerebral cortex, 415 Visual cortex, 495 Visual nerve pathways, 495, 496 Visual pigments, 491-93 Visual receptors, 491-93, 493 Vital capacity, 797, 798, 799t, 813 Vital signs, 2, 5 Vitamin(s), 113, 750-57

fallacies and facts about, 750t fat-soluble, 750-53, 750,

752, 753 protection against heart disease and cancer, 751 requirements of athletes, 768 water-soluble, 750, 753-57, 758t Vitamin A, 204, 491, 493-94, 711, 712t, 714, 730, 750-51, 750, 753t, 759 Vitamin B6, 641, 755, 755, 758t Vitamin B complex, 753 Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), 204,

553, 750, 753, 756-57, 756, 758t, 762, 950 Vitamin D, 188, 380, 505, 523-24, 525, 711, 712t, 714, 730,

deficiency of, 204, 866 Vitamin E, 714, 751-52, 753t, 924 Vitamin K, 564, 714, 726, 730,

752-53, 753t Vitreous body, 487 Vitreous humor, 484, 485, 487,

487, 488 Vocal cords, 782 false, 783, 785 true, 783, 785

Vocal folds, 469, 898 Volar arch artery deep, 628 superficial, 628 Volatile acid, 869 Voluntary muscles, 160, 415,

415, 416 Volvulus, 687

Vomer bone, 211t, 214, 216, 221, 221, 222, 224t, 255, 257, 259, 260, 261 Vomiting, 706-7, 759-60, 761t,

862, 873-74, 873 Vomiting center, 478, 707 V1 receptors, 519 V2 receptors, 519

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