U

Ulcer, 179 peptic, 701 skin, 189 Ulcerative colitis, 675, 675t, 727 Ulna, 208, 211t, 212, 212, 234,

236-37, 236, 238, 239, 240t, 283, 284, 333, 358, 360 head of, 237, 238 Ulnar artery, 333, 625, 628, 631 Ulnar collateral ligament, 283, 284 Ulnar nerve, 333, 334t, 434,

437, 438 Ulnar notch, 237, 238 Ulnar recurrent artery, 628 Ulnar vein, 632, 633, 638 Ultrasonography, 10-11, 10, 11

fetal, 964, 972 Ultratrace elements, 39 Ultraviolet radiation, 134, 174 Umami (taste), 467 Umbilical artery, 950, 952, 953,

965, 966, 966t Umbilical cord, 950, 952, 953, 961 Umbilical cord blood, 547 Umbilical cord stem cells,

944-45, 998 Umbilical ligament, 966t Umbilical region, 22, 23, 24, 25 Umbilical vein, 950, 952, 953, 960,

966, 966t

Umbilicus, 31, 359, 962, 963,1015 Undernutrition, 767 Unipolar neuron, 369, 369, 370t Universal donor, 572 Universal recipient, 572 Unsaturated fatty acids, 51-52, 52,

740, 766 Upper limb arteries to, 625, 628 bones of, 211t, 212, 234-39, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240t muscles that move, 327-34, 328, 328t, 329, 331, 332, 333, 333t, 334t posterior view of, 1017,1018 surface anatomy of, 358,

359, 360 veins from, 632-33, 633 Upper motor neuron syndrome, 410-11

Upper respiratory infection, 808 Uracil, 123, 126t, 127, 1039 Uranium, 46 Urbanization, 3

urine, 1033 Urea clearance, 1033 Uremia, 850, 875 Uremic acidosis, 873 Ureter, 35, 36, 820, 821, 823, 843-44, 844, 846, 847, 849, 899 fibrous coat of, 843

mucous coat of, 843 muscular coat of, 843 Ureteritis, 843, 850 Ureterorenal reflex, 844 Urethra, 37, 336, 337, 821, 844,

846-47, 846, 847, 849, 882, 893, 899, 1013 membranous, 846-47, 847 penile, 846-47, 847 prostatic, 846, 847 Urethral glands, 846 Urethral orifice, 337, 906, 958

external, 846-47, 847, 893, 893 Urethral sphincter external, 846, 847-48 internal, 846, 846, 848 Urethritis, 850 Uric acid, 271, 563, 832t excretion of, 840-42 serum, 1032 urine, 1033 Urinalysis, 845, 1032-33 Urinary bladder, 33, 34, 35, 36,

717, 820, 821, 844-46, 844, 846, 847, 849, 882, 899, 1006,1009 automatic, 848 cancer of, 845 neck of, 844 wall of, 845-46, 846 Urinary excretion of odoriferous component of asparagus, 845,982 Urinary system, 17, 18, 19t, 20,

820, 821. See also Kidney(s) age-related changes in, 848-50 effect of autonomic stimulation on, 446t system interconnections of, 851 Urine, 830

composition of, 832t, 842-43 concentration of, 839-40, 840,

841, 842, 842t electrolytes in, 864 elimination of, 843-48 formation of, 830-43 of neonate, 963-65

pH of, 838, 871, 871, 1033 production in 24 hours, 834 regulation of water output, 861, 861t volume of, 839-40, 840, 841,

842, 842t, 843

water loss in, 860-61, 861 Urobilinogen, 1033 Urogenital diaphragm, 336, 337 Urogenital folds, 958 Urokinase, 565 Urology, 25 Urticaria, 189 Uterine artery, 628 Uterine glands, 910 Uterine tubes, 35, 899, 900, 902-3,

904, 905, 908t, 912 Uterine vein, 637 Uterus, 35, 36, 899, 900, 903-5, 908t body of, 904, 905, 913 contraction of, 315, 512, 519,

917-19 fundus of, 905 in pregnancy, 918 Utricle, 472, 475, 478, 479 Uveitis, 497

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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