Structure of the Spinal Cord

The spinal cord consists of thirty-one segments, each of which gives rise to a pair of spinal nerves. These nerves branch to various body parts and connect them with the central nervous system.

In the neck region, a thickening in the spinal cord, called the cervical enlargement, supplies nerves to the upper limbs. A similar thickening in the lower back, the lumbar enlargement, gives off nerves to the lower limbs. Just inferior to the lumbar enlargement, the spinal cord

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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