Structure of the Large Intestinal Wall

The wall of the large intestine includes the same types of tissues found in other parts of the alimentary canal, but also has some unique features. The large intestinal wall lacks the villi and plicae circularis characteristic of the small intestine. Also, the layer of longitudinal muscle fibers does not uniformly cover its wall; the fibers are in three distinct bands (teniae coli) that extend the entire length of the colon. These bands exert tension lengthwise on the wall, creating a series of pouches (haustra). The large intestinal wall also has small collections of fat (epiploic appendages) in the serosa on its outer surface (fig. 17.48).

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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