Sex Hormones

Cells in the inner zone (zona reticularis) of the adrenal cortex produce sex hormones. These hormones are male (adrenal androgens), but some of them are converted

Hormone

Action

Factors Regulating Secretion

Aldosterone

Helps regulate the concentration of extracellular electrolytes by conserving sodium ions and excreting potassium ions

Electrolyte concentrations in body fluids and renin-angiotensin mechanism

Cortisol

Decreases protein synthesis, increases fatty acid release, and stimulates glucose synthesis from noncarbohydrates

CRH from the hypothalamus and ACTH from the anterior pituitary gland

Adrenal androgens

Supplement sex hormones from the gonads; may be converted into estrogen

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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