The subscapularis (sub-scap'u-lar-is) is a large, triangular muscle that covers the anterior surface of the scapula. It connects the scapula to the humerus and rotates the arm medially (fig. 9.29).

The infraspinatus (in"frah-spi'na-tus) occupies the depression below the spine of the scapula on its posterior surface. The fibers of this muscle attach the scapula to the humerus and rotate the arm laterally (fig. 9.27).

The teres minor is a small muscle connecting the scapula to the humerus. It rotates the arm laterally (figs. 9.25 and 9.27).

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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