Part A

1. Briefly describe the early development of knowledge about the human body.

2. Distinguish between anatomy and physiology.

3. How does a biological structure's form determine its function? Give an example.

4. List and describe ten characteristics of life.

5. Define metabolism.

6. List and describe five requirements of organisms.

7. Explain how the idea of homeostasis relates to the five requirements you listed in item 6.

8. Distinguish between heat and temperature.

9. What are two types of pressures that may act upon organisms?

10. How are body temperature, blood pressure, and blood glucose concentration controlled?

11. Describe how homeostatic mechanisms act by negative feedback.

12. How does the human body illustrate the levels of anatomical organization?

13. Distinguish between the axial and appendicular portions of the body.

14. Distinguish between the dorsal and ventral body cavities, and name the smaller cavities within each.

15. What are the viscera?

16. Where is the mediastinum?

17. Describe the locations of the oral, nasal, orbital, and middle ear cavities.

18. How does a parietal membrane differ from a visceral membrane?

19. Name the major organ systems, and describe the general functions of each.

20. List the major organs that comprise each organ system.

21. In what body region did Judith R.'s injury occur?

a. stomach



b. heart


spinal cord

c. brain



d. liver



e. trachea


urinary bladder

Write complete sentences using

each of the following

terms correctly:

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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