Movements into and out of the Cell

The cell membrane is a barrier that controls which substances enter and leave the cell. Oxygen and nutrient molecules enter through this membrane, whereas carbon dioxide and other wastes leave through it. These movements involve physical (or passive) processes such as diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis, and filtration, and physiological (or active) mechanisms such as active transport, endocytosis, and exocytosis. The mechanisms by which substances cross the cell membrane are important for understanding many aspects of physiology.

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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